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Life cycle assessment of a hydrogen and fuel cell ropax ferry prototype

Gomez Trillos, Juan Camilo and Wilken, Dennis and Brand, Urte and Vogt, Thomas (2021) Life cycle assessment of a hydrogen and fuel cell ropax ferry prototype. In: Progress in Life Cycle Assessment 2019 Sustainable Production, Life Cycle Engineering and Management. Springer Nature Switzerland AG. pp. 5-23. doi: 10.1007/978-3-030-50519-6_2. ISBN 978-3-030-50519-6.

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Official URL: https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-3-030-50519-6_2


Estimates for the greenhouse gas emissions caused by maritime transportation account for approx. 870 million tonnes of CO2 tonnes in 2018, increasing the awareness of the public in general and requiring the development of alternative propulsion systems and fuels to reduce them. In this context, the project HySeas III is developing a hydrogen and fuel cell powered roll-on/roll off and passenger ferry intended for the crossing between Kirkwall and Shapinsay in the Orkney Islands in Scotland, a region which currently has an excess of wind and tidal power. In order to explore the environmental aspects of this alternative, a life cycle assessment from cradle to end-of-use using the ReCiPe 2016 method was conducted, contrasting the proposed prototype developed within the project against a conventional diesel ferry and a diesel hybrid ferry. The results show that the use of hydrogen derived from wind energy and fuel cells for ship propulsion allow the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions of up to 89% compared with a conventional diesel ferry. Additional benefits are lower stratospheric ozone depletion, ionizing radiation, ozone formation, particulate matter formation, terrestrial acidification and use of fossil resources. In turn, there is an increase in other impact categories when compared with diesel electric and diesel battery electric propulsion. Additionally, the analysis of endpoint categories shows less impact in terms of damage to human health, to the ecosystems and to resource availability for the hydrogen alternative compared to conventional power trains.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/139828/
Document Type:Book Section
Title:Life cycle assessment of a hydrogen and fuel cell ropax ferry prototype
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Gomez Trillos, Juan CamiloJuan.GomezTrillos (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Brand, UrteUrte.Brand (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Vogt, ThomasT.Vogt (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Journal or Publication Title:Progress in Life Cycle Assessment 2019
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
DOI :10.1007/978-3-030-50519-6_2
Page Range:pp. 5-23
EditorsEmailEditor's ORCID iD
Publisher:Springer Nature Switzerland AG
Series Name:Sustainable Production, Life Cycle Engineering and Management
Keywords:Hydrogen, Fuel cells, LCA, Shipping emission reduction
HGF - Research field:Energy
HGF - Program:Technology, Innovation and Society
HGF - Program Themes:Renewable Energy and Material Resources for Sustainable Futures - Integrating at Different Scales
DLR - Research area:Energy
DLR - Program:E SY - Energy Systems Analysis
DLR - Research theme (Project):E - Energy Systems Technology (old)
Location: Oldenburg
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Networked Energy Systems > Energy Systems Analysis
Deposited By: Gomez Trillos, Juan Camilo
Deposited On:18 Dec 2020 14:07
Last Modified:18 Dec 2020 14:07

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