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Multidimensional assessment of passenger cars: Comparison of electric vehicles with internal combustion engine vehicles

Oswald, Matthias and Wilken, Dennis and Draheim, Patrick and Pade, Christian and Brand, Urte and Vogt, Thomas (2020) Multidimensional assessment of passenger cars: Comparison of electric vehicles with internal combustion engine vehicles. 27th CIRP Life Cycle Engineering (LCE) Conference, 2020-05-13 - 2020-05-15, Grenoble, Frankreich. (Unpublished)

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In the pursuit of transforming the transportation sector towards sustainability, a technological shift in vehicle drive systems is being promoted worldwide. Conventional gasoline or diesel fueled cars powered by internal combustion engines (internal combustion engine vehicle, ICEV) are to be replaced with alternative cars that are electrically driven (electric vehicle, EV) and powered by a battery, which is either externally charged (battery-electric vehicle, BEV) or internally charged via a hydrogen fuel cell (fuel cell electric vehicle, FCEV). However, whether or not EVs are superior to ICEVs throughout their entire life cycle is still subject to debate. Though considerable numbers of environmental life cycle assessment (eLCA) studies and—to a much lesser extent—life cycle costing (LCC) and social life cycle assessment (sLCA) studies have already been conducted, their individual results alone do not allow decision-makers to draw conclusions concerning the overall sustainability performance of the various vehicle technologies. Therefore, we are presenting a novel approach to analyze ICEV-, BEV-, and FCEV-type passenger cars on a multidimensional basis. This approach is based upon and combines existing studies about eLCA, LCC, sLCA, and further assessments to carry out a comprehensive meta-analysis by using multi-criteria decision making (MCDM) methods. Through a transparent and differentiated presentation of the results, the adopted approach furthermore enables decision-makers to identify specific aspects influencing the overall performance of each vehicle technology and to take measures that allow for the implementation of sustainable vehicle concepts.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/139688/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Additional Information:Der Vortrag bezieht sich auf den Konferenzbeitrag: 10.1016/j.procir.2020.01.101
Title:Multidimensional assessment of passenger cars: Comparison of electric vehicles with internal combustion engine vehicles
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iDORCID Put Code
Brand, UrteUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-2777-2695UNSPECIFIED
Vogt, ThomasUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-6268-8694UNSPECIFIED
Date:13 May 2020
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Keywords:Electromobility, Sustainable Transport, Holistic assessment, Multi-criteria decision making (MCDM), Battery-electric Vehicle, Fuel cell electric Vehicle, Life cycle assessment, Life cycle sustainability assessment, Total cost of ownership
Event Title:27th CIRP Life Cycle Engineering (LCE) Conference
Event Location:Grenoble, Frankreich
Event Type:international Conference
Event Start Date:13 May 2020
Event End Date:15 May 2020
Organizer:The International Academy for Production Engineering
HGF - Research field:Energy
HGF - Program:Technology, Innovation and Society
HGF - Program Themes:Renewable Energy and Material Resources for Sustainable Futures - Integrating at Different Scales
DLR - Research area:Energy
DLR - Program:E SY - Energy Systems Analysis
DLR - Research theme (Project):E - Systems Analysis and Technology Assessment (old)
Location: Oldenburg
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Networked Energy Systems > Energy Systems Analysis
Deposited By: Oswald, Matthias
Deposited On:17 Dec 2020 14:53
Last Modified:24 Apr 2024 20:40

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