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BIOLEX – The Biology and Lunar experiment and the LOGOS Cubes

de Vera, J. P. and Baqué, Mickael and Lorek, Andreas and Berger, Thomas and Hellweg, Christine Elisabeth and Moeller, R. and Hauslage, J. and Billi, D. and Böttger, Ute and Hanke, Franziska and Schröder, Susanne and Cockell, C. and De La Torre, R. and Demets, R. and Foing, B. and Elsaesser, A. and Foucher, F. and Westall, Frances and Herzog, T.H. and Joshi, J. and Kozyrovska, N. and Lasch, P. and Leya, T. and Olsson-Francis, K. and Onofri, S. and Sancho, L. and Schulze-Makuch, D. and Wagner, D. (2020) BIOLEX – The Biology and Lunar experiment and the LOGOS Cubes. 43rd COSPAR Scientific Assembly 2020, Sydney.

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Abstract

BIOLEX is a concept designed for in situ science on the Moon or in its orbit. As heritage of the polar and space experiment BIOMEX (Biology and Mars Experiment) on the ISS it is a more developed concept. Measurement operations on an exposure platform as well as within a micro-greenhouse device are part of this concept. The goal is to investigate the use of lunar resources as well as to analyse the stability of biomolecules as potential biosignatures serving as reference for future space exploration missions to Mars and the icy ocean moons in the outer solar system. Astrobiological exploration of the solar system is a priority research area such as emphasized by the European Astrobiology Roadmap (AstRoMap). It is focusing on several research topics, such as "Habitability" and on "Biomarkers for the detection of life". Therefore, "space platforms and laboratories", such as the EXPOSE setup installed outside the ISS, are essential to gain more knowledge on space- and planetary environments, which might be an essential basis for improvement of the robotic and human interplanetary exploration (Moon, Mars, Encedalus, Titan and Europa). In reference to these exposure platforms a new generation of hardware is needed to be installed in the lunar orbit or directly on the Moon. The BIOLEX is representing by its LOGOS (Lunar Organisms, Geo-microbiology and Organics Space Experiment) cubes such a concept combining the life detection topics with topics relevant to autonomous life supporting systems. A combination of a sample exposure device and a microhabitat for plants and microorganisms could address a tremendous number of questions from astrobiology and life sciences. The main scientific objectives for the use of BIOLEX-LOGOS cubes are: (i) in situ measurements by spectroscopy methods (such as Raman, IR, UV/VISspectroscopy) for analysis of biosignatures and their stability what is relevant for support of future life detection missions on Mars and the icy moons in the outer solar system); (ii) in situ measurements of environmental conditions (radiation, pressure/vacuum, temperature, pH, humidity) in micro-modules or compartments in reference to planned micro-habitat experiments placed on the Moon or incorporated on an exposure facility in orbit; (iii) in situ measurements of microorganisms’ activity in micro-modules / compartments in reference to planned microhabitat experiments placed on the moon or incorporated in the exposure facility in orbit. In reference to these scientific ideas the Moon is an excellent platform to operate different space experiments which will be of relevance for astrobiology, life sciences and human space missions. BIOLEX tries to fulfil a large number of scientific investigations in reference to these disciplines. The lunar environment is much harsher compared to Mars; and tests on biomolecules in this environment could provide information on their stability and therefore on the value to be used as reference for future space missions to Mars or the icy ocean moons in the outer solar system. Resources of the Moon such as the regolith or the freely available radiation on the surface could be tested by using them in a micro-greenhouse. Within this greenhouse different filters could test the optimal spectra range of the radiation.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/138850/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:BIOLEX – The Biology and Lunar experiment and the LOGOS Cubes
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
de Vera, J. P.jean-pierre.devera (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-9530-5821
Baqué, MickaelMickael.Baque (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-6696-6030
Lorek, AndreasAndreas.Lorek (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-8960-6214
Berger, ThomasThomas.Berger (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-3319-5740
Hellweg, Christine ElisabethChristine.Hellweg (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-2223-3580
Moeller, R.Radiation Biology Department, Institute of Aerospace Medicine, German Aerospace Center (DLR), Cologne, Germany.; ralf.moeller (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-2371-0676
Hauslage, J.German Aerospace Center (DLR), Institute of Aerospace Medicine, Gravitational Biology, Cologne, GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Billi, D.department of biology, university of rome "tor vergata," rome, italyUNSPECIFIED
Böttger, UteUte.Boettger (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Hanke, FranziskaFranziska.Hanke (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Schröder, SusanneDLR, Institut für Optische SensorsystemeUNSPECIFIED
Cockell, C.University of Edinburgh, School of Physics and Astronomy, Edinburgh, UKhttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-3662-0503
De La Torre, R.Instituto Nacional de Técnica Aeroespacial (INTA), Madrid, Spain.UNSPECIFIED
Demets, R.ESA (European Space Agency),ESTEC, Noordwijk, The NetherlandsUNSPECIFIED
Foing, B.ESTEC/SCI-SR, Noordwijk, The NetherlandsUNSPECIFIED
Elsaesser, A.Free University of Berlin, Arnimallee 14,UNSPECIFIED
Foucher, F.Centre de Biophysique Moléculaire, CNRS, rue Charles Sadron, 45071 Orleans, France, frederic.foucher (at) cnrs.fr,UNSPECIFIED
Westall, FrancesCNRS – Centre de Biophysique Moleculaire (UPR4301). Rue Charles Sadron CS80054 45071 Orleans Cedex 2UNSPECIFIED
Herzog, T.H.TH Wildau, Technical University of Applied Sciences, Wildau, GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Joshi, J.University of Potsdam, GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Kozyrovska, N.Institute of Molecular Biology&Genetics of National Academy of Sciences, Kyiv, UkraineUNSPECIFIED
Lasch, P.Robert Koch Institute, Centre of biological Safety 6; Nordufer 20 13353 Berlin, GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Leya, T.Fraunhofer IZI-BB, Potsdam, GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Olsson-Francis, K.The Open University, Walton Hall, Milton Keynes, MK7 6AA, United KingdomUNSPECIFIED
Onofri, S.Ordinario di Botanica Sistematica,Università degli Studi della Tuscia, Viterbo, ItalyUNSPECIFIED
Sancho, L.Departamento de Biología Vegetal II, Facultad de Farmacia, Universidad Complutense, E-28040 Madrid, SpainUNSPECIFIED
Schulze-Makuch, D.TU Berlin, GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Wagner, D.Geoforschungszentrum, PotsdamUNSPECIFIED
Date:2020
Refereed publication:No
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Status:Published
Keywords:Lunar experiment; biosignatures; life supporting system; micro-habitat; exposure facility
Event Title:43rd COSPAR Scientific Assembly 2020
Event Location:Sydney
Event Type:international Conference
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Space Exploration
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R EW - Space Exploration
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Vorhaben Planetary Evolution and Life (old)
Location: Berlin-Adlershof , Köln-Porz
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Planetary Research > Planetary Laboratories
Institute of Optical Sensor Systems > Space Instruments
Institute of Aerospace Medicine > Radiation Biology
Institute of Aerospace Medicine > Gravitational Biology
Institute of Optical Sensor Systems > Terahertz and Laser Spectroscopy
Deposited By: de Vera, Dr. Jean Pierre Paul
Deposited On:03 Dec 2020 11:27
Last Modified:03 Dec 2020 11:27

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