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Wind Profile Satellite Observation Requirements and Capabilities

Stoffelen, Ad and Benedetti, Angela and Borde, Régis and Dabas, Alain and Flamant, Pierre and Forsythe, Mary and Hardesty, Mike and Isaksen, Lars and Källén, Erland and Körnich, Heiner and Lee, Tsengdar and Reitebuch, Oliver and Rennie, Michael and Riishøjgaard, Lars-Peter and Schyberg, Harald and Straume, Anne Grete and Vaughan, Michael (2020) Wind Profile Satellite Observation Requirements and Capabilities. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 101 (11), E2005-E2021. American Meteorological Society. doi: 10.1175/BAMS-D-18-0202.1. ISSN 0003-0007.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/BAMS-D-18-0202.1

Abstract

The Aeolus mission objectives are to improve numerical weather prediction (NWP) and enhance the understanding and modeling of atmospheric dynamics on global and regional scale. Given the first successes of Aeolus in NWP, it is time to look forward to future vertical wind profiling capability to fulfill the rolling requirements in operational meteorology. Requirements for wind profiles and information on vertical wind shear are constantly evolving. The need for high-quality wind and profile information to capture and initialize small-amplitude, fast-evolving, and mesoscale dynamical structures increases, as the resolution of global NWP improved well into the 3D turbulence regime on horizontal scales smaller than 500 km. In addition, advanced requirements to describe the transport and dispersion of atmospheric constituents and better depict the circulation on climate scales are well recognized. Direct wind profile observations over the oceans, tropics, and Southern Hemisphere are not provided by the current global observing system. Looking to the future, most other wind observation techniques rely on cloud or regions of water vapor and are necessarily restricted in coverage. Therefore, after its full demonstration, an operational Aeolus-like follow-on mission obtaining globally distributed wind profiles in clear air by exploiting molecular scattering remains unique.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/138615/
Document Type:Article
Title:Wind Profile Satellite Observation Requirements and Capabilities
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Stoffelen, AdKNMI, De Bilt, NLUNSPECIFIED
Benedetti, AngelaECMWF, Reading, UKUNSPECIFIED
Borde, RégisEUMETSAT, Darmstadt, GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Dabas, AlainMétéo-France CNRM, Toulouse, FUNSPECIFIED
Flamant, PierreIPSL, FUNSPECIFIED
Forsythe, MaryMet Office, Exeter, UKUNSPECIFIED
Hardesty, MikeNOAA, Boulder, USAUNSPECIFIED
Isaksen, LarsECMWF, Reading, UKUNSPECIFIED
Källén, ErlandStockholm University, SwedenUNSPECIFIED
Körnich, HeinerStockholm University, SwedenUNSPECIFIED
Lee, TsengdarNASA, Washington D.C., USAUNSPECIFIED
Reitebuch, OliverDLR, IPAhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-8503-0094
Rennie, MichaelECMWF, Reading, UKUNSPECIFIED
Riishøjgaard, Lars-PeterWMO, Geneva, SwitzerlandUNSPECIFIED
Schyberg, HaraldNorwegian Meteorological Institute, Oslo, NorwayUNSPECIFIED
Straume, Anne GreteESA, Noordwijk, NetherlandsUNSPECIFIED
Vaughan, MichaelOLA, Buckimhamshire, UKUNSPECIFIED
Date:November 2020
Journal or Publication Title:Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Volume:101
DOI :10.1175/BAMS-D-18-0202.1
Page Range:E2005-E2021
Publisher:American Meteorological Society
ISSN:0003-0007
Status:Published
Keywords:wind profile, satellite observations, Aeolus
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Earth Observation
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R EO - Earth Observation
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Projekt ADM (old)
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Atmospheric Physics > Lidar
Deposited By: Reitebuch, Dr. Oliver
Deposited On:30 Nov 2020 09:00
Last Modified:02 Dec 2020 13:58

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