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A System Safety Assessment of an Unmanned, Solar-Powered Stratospheric Aircraft Using the STPA Methodology

Stoll, Luca (2020) A System Safety Assessment of an Unmanned, Solar-Powered Stratospheric Aircraft Using the STPA Methodology. Master's. DLR-Interner Bericht. DLR-IB-FT-BS-2020-76, 172 S.

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Abstract

Developed for electromechanical systems, traditional safety analysis methods can not provide sufficient guidance to handle the complexity of modern, software intensive systems. New ways of modeling complex systems and human operators in their sociotechnical environment and performing holistic, guided safety analysis based on these models have been developed by Nancy Leveson, Professor of Aeronautics and Astronautics and Professor of Engineering Systems at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). This assignment compares the basic principles of the approach on how to achieve safety of a system proposed by the SAE ARP4754A and the approach proposed by Nancy Leveson’s Systems-Theoretic Accident Model and Processes (STAMP) causality theory, including the thereon based Systems-Theoretic Process Analysis (STPA) hazard analysis method. General definitions and assumptions, boundaries, potential weaknesses and advantages of the approaches are estimated, compared and summarized. STPA, including an extension based on works by M. France and J. P. Thomas on how to model and analyze human operators effectively, is further applied on exemplary parts of the High Altitude Platform (HAP) unmanned, solar-powered stratospheric aircraft of the German Aerospace Center (DLR). Applicability is shown, safety issues and causal loss scenarios in the system are identified, and design, operation and operator training recommendations are given. Identified advantages, difficulties and recommendations of practical application of STAMP/STPA are discussed. A proposal on how to include STAMP/STPA in future versions of the SAE ARP4754A is given.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/138569/
Document Type:Monograph (DLR-Interner Bericht, Master's)
Title:A System Safety Assessment of an Unmanned, Solar-Powered Stratospheric Aircraft Using the STPA Methodology
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Stoll, LucaInstitute of Aircraft Systems Universität StuttgartUNSPECIFIED
Date:July 2020
Refereed publication:No
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Number of Pages:172
Status:Published
Keywords:STPA, STAMP, Unmanned, HAP, UAS, Safety Assessment
Institution:University of Stuttgart
Department:Institute of Aircraft Systems (ILS)
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Aeronautics
HGF - Program Themes:other
DLR - Research area:Aeronautics
DLR - Program:L - no assignment
DLR - Research theme (Project):L - no assignment
Location: Braunschweig
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Flight Systems > Safety Critical Systems&Systems Engineering
Deposited By: Nikodem, Florian
Deposited On:13 Jan 2021 16:16
Last Modified:13 Jan 2021 16:16

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