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Tackling xEV Battery Chemistry in View of Raw Material Supply Shortfalls

Karabelli, Duygu and Kiemel, Steffen and Singh, Soumya and Koller, Jan and Ehrenberger, Simone and Miehe, Robert and Weeber, Max and Birke, Kai Peter (2020) Tackling xEV Battery Chemistry in View of Raw Material Supply Shortfalls. Frontiers in Energy Research, 8. Frontiers Media S.A.. doi: 10.3389/fenrg.2020.594857. ISSN 2296-598X.

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Official URL: https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fenrg.2020.594857/full

Abstract

The growing number of Electric Vehicles poses a serious challenge at the end-of-life for battery manufacturers and recyclers. Manufacturers need access to strategic or critical materials for the production of a battery system. Recycling of end-of-life electric vehicle batteries may ensure a constant supply of critical materials, thereby closing the material cycle in the context of a circular economy. However, the resource-use per cell and thus its chemistry is constantly changing, due to supply disruption or sharply rising costs of certain raw materials along with higher performance expectations from electric vehicle-batteries. It is vital to further explore the nickel-rich cathodes, as they promise to overcome the resource and cost problems. With this study, we aim to analyze the expected development of dominant cell chemistries of Lithium-Ion Batteries until 2030, followed by an analysis of the raw materials availability. This is accomplished with the help of research studies and additional experts’ survey which defines the scenarios to estimate the battery chemistry evolution and the effect it has on a circular economy. In our results, we will discuss the annual demand for global e-mobility by 2030 and the impact of Nickel-Manganese-Cobalt based cathode chemistries on a sustainable economy. Estimations beyond 2030 are subject to high uncertainty due to the potential market penetration of innovative technologies that are currently under research (e.g. solid-state Lithium-Ion and/or sodium-based batteries).

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/138532/
Document Type:Article
Title:Tackling xEV Battery Chemistry in View of Raw Material Supply Shortfalls
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Karabelli, DuyguFraunhofer Institute for Manufacturing Engineering and Automation IPA, Stuttgart, GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Kiemel, SteffenFraunhofer Institute for Manufacturing Engineering and Automation IPA, Stuttgart, GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Singh, SoumyaFraunhofer Institute for Manufacturing Engineering and Automation IPA, Stuttgart, GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Koller, JanFraunhofer Institute for Manufacturing Engineering and Automation IPA, Bayreuth, GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Ehrenberger, SimoneSimone.Ehrenberger (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-2148-5129
Miehe, RobertFraunhofer Institute for Manufacturing Engineering and Automation IPA, Stuttgart, GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Weeber, MaxFraunhofer Institute for Manufacturing Engineering and Automation IPA, Stuttgart, GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Birke, Kai PeterFraunhofer Institute for Manufacturing Engineering and Automation IPA, Stuttgart, GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Date:November 2020
Journal or Publication Title:Frontiers in Energy Research
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:Yes
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Volume:8
DOI :10.3389/fenrg.2020.594857
Publisher:Frontiers Media S.A.
ISSN:2296-598X
Status:Published
Keywords:Batterien, E-Mobilität, Elektrofahrzeuge, Rohstoffe
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Transport
HGF - Program Themes:Transport System
DLR - Research area:Transport
DLR - Program:V VS - Verkehrssystem
DLR - Research theme (Project):V - Energie und Verkehr
Location: Stuttgart
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Vehicle Concepts > Fahrzeugsysteme und Technologiebewertung
Deposited By: Ehrenberger, Simone
Deposited On:12 Jan 2021 15:00
Last Modified:12 Jan 2021 15:00

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