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Insight into construction of Tikhonov-type regularization for atmospheric retrievals

Xu, Jian and Rao, Lanlan and Schreier, Franz and Efremenko, Dmitry and Doicu, Adrian and Trautmann, Thomas (2020) Insight into construction of Tikhonov-type regularization for atmospheric retrievals. Atmosphere, 11 (10), pp. 1-19. Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI). doi: 10.3390/atmos11101052. ISSN 2073-4433.

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Official URL: https://www.mdpi.com/2073-4433/11/10/1052


In atmospheric science we are confronted with inverse problems arising in applications associated with retrievals of geophysical parameters. A nonlinear mapping from geophysical quantities (e.g., atmospheric properties) to spectral measurements can be represented by a forward model. An inversion often suffers from the lack of stability and its stabilization introduced by proper approaches, however, can be treated with sufficient generality. In principle, regularization can enforce uniqueness of the solution when additional information is incorporated into the inversion process. In this paper, we analyze different forms of the regularization matrix L in the framework of Tikhonov regularization: the identity matrix L0, discrete approximations of the first and second order derivative operators L1 and L2, respectively, and the Cholesky factor of the a priori profile covariance matrix LC. Each form of L has its intrinsic pro/cons and thus may lead to different performance of inverse algorithms. An extensive comparison of different matrices is conducted with two applications using synthetic data from airborne and satellite sensors: retrieving atmospheric temperature profiles from microwave spectral measurements, and deriving aerosol properties from near infrared spectral measurements. The regularized solution obtained with L0 possesses a reasonable magnitude, but its smoothness is not always assured. The retrieval using L1 and L2 produces a solution in favor of the smoothness, and the impact of the a priori knowledge is less critical on the retrieval using L1. The retrieval performance of LC is affected by the accuracy of the a priori knowledge.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/137985/
Document Type:Article
Title:Insight into construction of Tikhonov-type regularization for atmospheric retrievals
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Xu, Jianjian.xu (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-2348-125X
Rao, LanlanSchool of Environment Science and Spatial Informatics, China University of Mining and Technology, Xuzhou, ChinaUNSPECIFIED
Schreier, FranzFranz.Schreier (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-7196-6599
Efremenko, DmitryDmitry.Efremenko (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Doicu, AdrianAdrian.Doicu (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Trautmann, ThomasThomas.Trautmann (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Date:October 2020
Journal or Publication Title:Atmosphere
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
DOI :10.3390/atmos11101052
Page Range:pp. 1-19
Publisher:Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)
Keywords:inverse problems; Tikhonov-type regularization; atmospheric remote sensing
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Earth Observation
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R EO - Earth Observation
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Atmospheric and climate research
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:Remote Sensing Technology Institute > Atmospheric Processors
Deposited By: Xu, Dr.-Ing. Jian
Deposited On:24 Nov 2020 17:06
Last Modified:24 Nov 2020 17:06

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