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Collisional growth in a particle-based cloud microphysical model: insights from column model simulations using LCM1D (v1.0)

Unterstraßer, Simon and Hoffmann, Fabian and Lerch, Marion (2020) Collisional growth in a particle-based cloud microphysical model: insights from column model simulations using LCM1D (v1.0). Geoscientific Model Development, 13 (11), pp. 5119-5145. Copernicus Publications. doi: 10.5194/gmd-13-5119-2020. ISSN 1991-959X.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.5194/gmd-13-5119-2020

Abstract

Lagrangian cloud models (LCMs) are considered the future of cloud microphysical modelling. Compared to bulk models, however, LCMs are computationally expensive due to the typically high number of simulation particles (SIPs) necessary to represent microphysical processes such as collisional growth of hydrometeors successfully. In this study, the representation of collisional growth is explored in one-dimensional column simulations, allowing for the explicit consideration of sedimentation, complementing the authors' previous study on zero-dimensional collection in a single grid box. Two variants of the Lagrangian probabilistic all-or-nothing (AON) collection algorithm are tested that mainly differ in the assumed spatial distribution of the droplet ensemble: the first variant assumes the droplet ensemble to be well-mixed in a predefined three-dimensional grid box (WM3D), while the second variant considers the (sub-grid) vertical position of the SIPs, reducing the well-mixed assumption to a two-dimensional, horizontal plane (WM2D). Since the number of calculations in AON depends quadratically on the number of SIPs, an established approach is tested that reduces the number of calculations to a linear dependence (so-called linear sampling). All variants are compared to established Eulerian bin model solutions. Generally, all methods approach the same solutions and agree well if the methods are applied with sufficiently high resolution (foremost is the number of SIPs, and to a lesser extent time step and vertical grid spacing). Converging results were found for fairly large time steps, larger than those typically used in the numerical solution of diffusional growth. The dependence on the vertical grid spacing can be reduced if AON-WM2D is applied. The study also shows that AON-WM3D simulations with linear sampling, a common speed-up measure, converge only slightly slower compared to simulations with a quadratic SIP sampling. Hence, AON with linear sampling is the preferred choice when computation time is a limiting factor. Most importantly, the study highlights that results generally require a smaller number of SIPs per grid box for convergence than previous one-dimensional box simulations indicated. The reason is the ability of sedimenting SIPs to interact with a larger ensemble of particles when they are not restricted to a single grid box. Since sedimentation is considered in most commonly applied three-dimensional models, the results indicate smaller computational requirements for successful simulations, encouraging a wider use of LCMs in the future.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/137840/
Document Type:Article
Title:Collisional growth in a particle-based cloud microphysical model: insights from column model simulations using LCM1D (v1.0)
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Unterstraßer, SimonDLR, IPAhttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-3772-3678
Hoffmann, FabianLMU Münchenhttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-5136-0653
Lerch, MarionDLR, IPAUNSPECIFIED
Date:30 October 2020
Journal or Publication Title:Geoscientific Model Development
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:Yes
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Volume:13
DOI :10.5194/gmd-13-5119-2020
Page Range:pp. 5119-5145
Publisher:Copernicus Publications
ISSN:1991-959X
Status:Published
Keywords:aggregation, collision, coalescence, coagulation, Smoluchowski, particle-based microphysics, Lagrangian cloud module, sedimentation, ice crystals, droplet growth, collisional growth
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Aeronautics
HGF - Program Themes:air traffic management and operations
DLR - Research area:Aeronautics
DLR - Program:L AO - Air Traffic Management and Operation
DLR - Research theme (Project):L - Climate, Weather and Environment (old)
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Atmospheric Physics > Transport Meteorology
Deposited By: Unterstraßer, Dr. Simon
Deposited On:20 Nov 2020 12:38
Last Modified:04 Dec 2020 13:45

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