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Communicating Issues in Automated Driving to Surrounding Traffic - How should an Automated Vehicle Communicate a Minimum Risk Maneuver via eHMI and/or dHMI?

Schindler, Julian and Herbig, Domenic Lysander and Lau, Merle and Oehl, Michael (2020) Communicating Issues in Automated Driving to Surrounding Traffic - How should an Automated Vehicle Communicate a Minimum Risk Maneuver via eHMI and/or dHMI? In: 22nd International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction, HCII 2020, 1294, pp. 619-626. Springer. International Conference Human Computer Interaction (HCII) 2020, Virtual conference. doi: 10.1007/978-3-030-60703-6_79. ISBN 978-303060113-3. ISSN 0302-9743.

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Official URL: https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007%2F978-3-030-60703-6_79

Abstract

Cooperative automated vehicles (CAV) are not able to drive automated in all situations. Each vehicle has or is going to have its own operational design domain (ODD), which exactly specifies which situations can be handled, and which cannot. Vehicles of higher levels of automation according to SAE J3016 will try to take the driver back into the control loop if the vehicle approaches the border of its ODD by issuing a transition of control (ToC). If the driver is not responding, the vehicle will perform a minimum risk maneuver (MRM), where the CAV is stopping. Instead of looking at the internal HMI of single CAVs, the H2020 project TransAID focusses on the effects of automation limitations on traffic efficiency and safety. Besides helping the CAV to reduce negative impacts of such situations by infrastructure measures, also informing the surrounding vehicles about a CAV’s current issues and about its plans to solve them will most likely improve such situations. To approach this assumption, DLR conducted a first virtual reality study, where e.g. a 360° externally mounted LED light-band as external HMI (eHMI) of a CAV and specific vehicle movements as dynamic HMI (dHMI) are used in case it needs to perform an MRM. In the study, ten participants tested different variants and combinations. Preliminary results show that the use of an eHMI is a useful and informative approach.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/137757/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
Title:Communicating Issues in Automated Driving to Surrounding Traffic - How should an Automated Vehicle Communicate a Minimum Risk Maneuver via eHMI and/or dHMI?
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Schindler, Julianjulian.schindler (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-5398-8217
Herbig, Domenic LysanderDomenic.Herbig (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Lau, MerleMerle.Lau (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Oehl, MichaelMichael.Oehl (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-0871-2286
Date:November 2020
Journal or Publication Title:22nd International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction, HCII 2020
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:No
Volume:1294
DOI :10.1007/978-3-030-60703-6_79
Page Range:pp. 619-626
Editors:
EditorsEmailEditor's ORCID iD
Stephanidis, C.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Antona, M.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Ntoa, S.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Publisher:Springer
Series Name:Communications in Computer and Information Science
ISSN:0302-9743
ISBN:978-303060113-3
Status:Published
Keywords:Cooperative automated vehicles, Transition of control, Minimum risk maneuver, External HMI, Exploratory study
Event Title:International Conference Human Computer Interaction (HCII) 2020
Event Location:Virtual conference
Event Type:international Conference
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Transport
HGF - Program Themes:Transport System
DLR - Research area:Transport
DLR - Program:V VS - Verkehrssystem
DLR - Research theme (Project):V - Zukunftsbilder eines automatisierten integrierten Verkehrssystems
Location: Braunschweig
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Transportation Systems > Development of vehicle functions
Deposited By: Lau, Merle
Deposited On:25 Nov 2020 13:20
Last Modified:25 Nov 2020 13:20

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