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Flight Mechanical Design and Analysis of a Solar-Powered High-Altitude Platform

Hasan, Yasim Julian and Roeser, Mathias Stefan and Hepperle, Martin and Niemann, Steffen and Voß, Arne and Handojo, Vega and Weiser, Christian (2020) Flight Mechanical Design and Analysis of a Solar-Powered High-Altitude Platform. 69. Deutscher Luft- und Raumfahrtkongress, 1.-3. Sep. 2020, Online.

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Abstract

The German Aerospace Center (DLR) is currently developing a high-altitude platform system in the context of the DLR-internal project HAP. The system includes the high-altitude platform itself, a flight operation concept and a ground control station. The underlying high-altitude platform is a solar-powered fixed-wing aircraft designed to be stationed in the stratosphere for several days and to carry payload for earth observation missions. The project HAP addresses the complete design process of the aircraft, from conceptual studies and detailed design up to the construction, flight test campaigns and the final operational clearance. This paper deals with the preliminary design phase of the aircraft. For this purpose, it briefly describes all disciplines involved and gives an insight into their methods used. Subsequently, it presents an assessment of the aircraft in terms of stability and control characteristics. Doing so, it first deals with a dynamic stability investigation using a non-linear 6-degrees-of-freedom flight dynamic model using a simple quasi-stationary approach to account for flexibility, in which the aerodynamic derivatives are given for different airspeed-dependent flight shapes. Based on this investigation, design changes are made. Second, it presents a control surface design choice process for the aircraft based on a defined flight mechanical requirement that is used for the design of the aircraft in lieu of those of the typical certification standards. This requirement addresses the necessary control authority to counteract the aircraft's responses due to gust encounters in order to not exceed afore-defined limits and to prevent the aircraft from entering a flight condition that it cannot be recovered from. Finally, an exemplary offset correction manoeuvre is simulated in order to demonstrate the aircraft's operability in real-flight scenarios.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/137449/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:Flight Mechanical Design and Analysis of a Solar-Powered High-Altitude Platform
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Hasan, Yasim JulianYasim.Hasan (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-5081-223X
Roeser, Mathias Stefanmathias.roeser (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Hepperle, MartinMartin.Hepperle (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Niemann, SteffenSteffen.Niemann (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-9272-0635
Voß, ArneArne.Voss (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-2266-7853
Handojo, Vegavega.handojo (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-6030-2383
Weiser, ChristianChristian.Weiser (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-2968-6961
Date:1 September 2020
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Status:Published
Keywords:high-altitude platform, solar-powered, flight mechanics, flight dynamics, preliminary design, gust encounters, stability & control
Event Title:69. Deutscher Luft- und Raumfahrtkongress
Event Location:Online
Event Type:national Conference
Event Dates:1.-3. Sep. 2020
Organizer:Deutsche Gesellschaft für Luft- und Raumfahrt – Lilienthal-Oberth e. V. (DGLR)
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Aeronautics
HGF - Program Themes:fixed-wing aircraft
DLR - Research area:Aeronautics
DLR - Program:L AR - Aircraft Research
DLR - Research theme (Project):L - Flight Physics (old)
Location: Braunschweig
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Flight Systems > Flight Dynamics and Simulation
Institute for Aerodynamics and Flow Technology > Transport Aircraft
Institute of Composite Structures and Adaptive Systems > Functional Lightweight Structures
Institute of Aeroelasticity > Loads Analysis and Aeroelastic Design
Institute of System Dynamics and Control > Aircraft System Dynamics
Deposited By: Hasan, Yasim Julian
Deposited On:08 Jan 2021 14:21
Last Modified:08 Jan 2021 14:21

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