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Effect of mantle oxidation state and escape upon the evolution of Earth’s magma ocean atmosphere

Katyal, N and Ortenzi, Gianluigi and Grenfell, John Lee and Noack, L and Sohl, Frank and Godolt, Mareike and Garcia Munoz, A. and Schreier, Franz and Wunderlich, F. and Rauer, H (2020) Effect of mantle oxidation state and escape upon the evolution of Earth’s magma ocean atmosphere. Astronomy & Astrophysics, 643 (A81), pp. 1-24. EDP Sciences. doi: 10.1051/0004-6361/202038779. ISSN 0004-6361.

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Abstract

Context. The magma ocean period was a critical phase determining how Earth’s atmosphere developed into habitability. However, there are major uncertainties in the role of key processes such as outgassing from the planetary interior and escape of species to space that play a major role in determining the atmosphere of early Earth. Aims. We investigate the effect of outgassing of various species and escape of H2 for different mantle redox states upon the composition and evolution of the atmosphere for the magma ocean period. Methods. We included an important new atmosphere-interior coupling mechanism: the redox evolution of the mantle, which strongly affects the outgassing of species. We simulated the volatile outgassing and chemical speciation at the surface for various redox states of the mantle by employing a C-H-O based chemical speciation model combined with an interior outgassing model. We then applied a line-by-line radiative transfer model to study the remote appearance of the planet in terms of the infrared emission and transmission. Finally, we used a parameterized diffusion-limited and XUV energy-driven atmospheric escape model to calculate the loss of H2 to space. Results. We have simulated the thermal emission and transmission spectra for reduced and oxidized atmospheres present during the magma ocean period of Earth. Reduced/thin atmospheres consisting of H2 in abundance emit more radiation to space and have a larger effective height than oxidized/thick atmospheres, which are abundant in H2O and CO2. We obtain that the outgassing rates of H2 from the mantle into the atmosphere are a factor of ten times higher than the rates of diffusion-limited escape to space. We estimate the timescale of total mass loss of outgassed H2 via escape to be few tens of million years, which is comparable to other studies. Conclusions. Our work presents useful insight into the development of the terrestrial atmosphere during the magma ocean period and provides input to guide future studies that discuss exoplanetary interior compositions and their possible links with atmospheric compositions that might be estimated from observed infrared spectra by future missions.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/137309/
Document Type:Article
Title:Effect of mantle oxidation state and escape upon the evolution of Earth’s magma ocean atmosphere
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Katyal, Nnisha.katyal (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Ortenzi, GianluigiGianluigi.Ortenzi (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Grenfell, John LeeLee.Grenfell (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Noack, LDepartment of Earth Sciences / Institute of Geological Sciences, Free University BerlinUNSPECIFIED
Sohl, FrankFrank.Sohl (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Godolt, MareikeMareike.Godolt (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Garcia Munoz, A.Zentrum fuer Astronomie und Astrophysik, Technische Universitaet Berlin, Germanyhttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-1756-4825
Schreier, FranzFranz.Schreier (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-7196-6599
Wunderlich, F.ZAA, Berlin Inst. Tech. (TUB), GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Rauer, Hheike.rauer (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Date:6 November 2020
Journal or Publication Title:Astronomy & Astrophysics
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Volume:643
DOI :10.1051/0004-6361/202038779
Page Range:pp. 1-24
Publisher:EDP Sciences
ISSN:0004-6361
Status:Published
Keywords:radiative transfer; planets and satellites; atmospheres; interiors
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Space Exploration
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R EW - Space Exploration
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Vorhaben Planetary Evolution and Life (old)
Location: Berlin-Adlershof , Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Planetary Research > Extrasolar Planets and Atmospheres
Institute of Planetary Research > Leitungsbereich PF
Remote Sensing Technology Institute > Atmospheric Processors
Institute of Planetary Research > Planetary Physics
Deposited By: Grenfell, John Lee
Deposited On:09 Nov 2020 15:35
Last Modified:03 Dec 2020 15:04

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