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What happens where during disasters? A Workflow for the multifaceted characterization of crisis events based on Twitter data

Kersten, Jens and Klan, Friederike (2020) What happens where during disasters? A Workflow for the multifaceted characterization of crisis events based on Twitter data. Journal of Contingencies and Crisis Management, 28 (3), pp. 262-280. Wiley. doi: 10.1111/1468-5973.12321. ISSN 0966-0879.

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Official URL: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/1468-5973.12321

Abstract

Twitter data are a valuable source of information for rescue and helping activities in case of natural disasters and technical accidents. Several methods for disaster- and event-related tweet filtering and classification are available to analyse social media streams. Rather than processing single tweets, taking into account space and time is likely to reveal even more insights regarding local event dynamics and impacts on population and environment. This study focuses on the design and evaluation of a generic workflow for Twitter data analysis that leverages that additional information to characterize crisis events more comprehensively. The workflow covers data acquisition, analysis and visualization, and aims at the provision of a multifaceted and detailed picture of events that happen in affected areas. This is approached by utilizing agile and flexible analysis methods providing different and complementary views on the data. Utilizing state‐of‐the‐art deep learning and clustering methods, we are interested in the question, whether our workflow is suitable to reconstruct and picture the course of events during major natural disasters from Twitter data. Experimental results obtained with a data set acquired during hurricane Florence in September 2018 demonstrate the effectiveness of the applied methods but also indicate further interesting research questions and directions.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/137216/
Document Type:Article
Title:What happens where during disasters? A Workflow for the multifaceted characterization of crisis events based on Twitter data
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Kersten, Jensjens.kersten (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-4735-7360
Klan, FriederikeFriederike.Klan (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-1856-7334
Date:29 September 2020
Journal or Publication Title:Journal of Contingencies and Crisis Management
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Volume:28
DOI :10.1111/1468-5973.12321
Page Range:pp. 262-280
Editors:
EditorsEmailEditor's ORCID iD
De Nicola, AntonioUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Karray, HediUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Matta, NadaUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Publisher:Wiley
Series Name:Special Issue: Knowledge, Semantics and AI for Risk and Crisis Management
ISSN:0966-0879
Status:Published
Keywords:event characterization, natural disasters, spatio‐temporal analysis, Twitter
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:other
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R - no assignment
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - no assignment
Location: Jena
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Data Science > Citizen Science
Deposited By: Kersten, Dr.-Ing. Jens
Deposited On:13 Nov 2020 14:04
Last Modified:07 Jan 2021 07:31

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