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Operational Envelope and Link Scheduling for Inter-Satellite Links in Next-Generation GNSSs

Deprez, Cécile and Giorgi, Gabriele (2021) Operational Envelope and Link Scheduling for Inter-Satellite Links in Next-Generation GNSSs. IEEE Aerospace Conference 2021, 6-13 Mar 2021, Montana, USA. (Submitted)

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Abstract

Future global navigation satellite systems (GNSSs) may implement inter-satellite links (ISLs) enabling one-to-one connections between satellites of the constellation, making available an intra-system communication layer, supporting clock synchronization, and providing precise ranging. We analyse in this work the problem of scheduling inter-satellite links for a number of scenarios in which satellites are equipped with limited numbers of ISL terminals capable of point-to-point connections. Two baseline architectures are addressed. The first is based on an evolution of the current Galileo system, in which two ISL terminals are assumed to be installed on each navigation satellite. The second architecture is an envisioned evolution of the Galileo system, with name Kepler, in which a Galileo-like Medium Earth Orbit (MEO) segment is composed of satellites with two terminals for MEO-to-MEO links and a third terminal for linking to Low Earth Orbit (LEO) satellites. The MEO-to-MEO links between neighboring satellites in the same orbital plane are assumed continuous. The MEO segment is complemented with a constellation of LEO satellites carrying ISL terminals and zenith-pointing antennas for GNSS signal monitoring in space. Different schedulers are proposed for the two scenarios, factoring multiple operational constraints such as number of available ISL terminals on each satellite, terminal’s field-of-regard (azimuth and elevation span), maximum link range, and minimum required duration of each link. Within these boundaries, a link schedule is applied to determine which satellites are paired over time. The pairing criterion aims at establishing dynamically changing closed paths that maintain all the satellites of the constellation connected over time. We analyze the link scheduling strategy devised on the two system architectures proposed, and provide a number of key performance parameters as function of the operational envelope of the ISL terminals and, for the Kepler scenario, for a number of different LEO constellations.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/137080/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:Operational Envelope and Link Scheduling for Inter-Satellite Links in Next-Generation GNSSs
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Deprez, CécileCecile.Deprez (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-3346-0906
Giorgi, Gabrielegabriele.giorgi (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-0552-9790
Date:2021
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Status:Submitted
Keywords:Inter-satellite links, next-generation GNSSs, future system architectures, L-band monitoring, link schedulers, connectivity, operational envelopes
Event Title:IEEE Aerospace Conference 2021
Event Location:Montana, USA
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:6-13 Mar 2021
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Communication, Navigation, Quantum Technology
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R KNQ - Communication, Navigation, Quantum Technology
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Advantage (old)
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Communication and Navigation > Navigation
Deposited By: Deprez, Cécile
Deposited On:04 Dec 2020 15:11
Last Modified:04 Dec 2020 15:11

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