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Does free-floating carsharing reduce private vehicle ownership? The case of SHARE NOW in European cities

Jochem, Patrick and Frankenhauser, Dominik and Ewald, Lukas and Ensslen, Axel and Fromm, Hansjörg (2020) Does free-floating carsharing reduce private vehicle ownership? The case of SHARE NOW in European cities. Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, 141, pp. 373-395. Elsevier. doi: 10.1016/j.tra.2020.09.016. ISSN 0965-8564.

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Official URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0965856420307291

Abstract

During the last decade, the use of free-floating carsharing systems has grown rapidly in urban areas. However, little is known on the effects free-floating carsharing offerings have on car ownership in general. Also the main drivers why free-floating users sell their cars are still rarely analysed. To shed some light on these issues, we carried out an online survey among free-floating carsharing users in 11 European cities and based our analysis on a sample of more than 10,000 survey participants. Our results show that one carsharing car replaces several private cars – in optimistic scenarios up to 20 cars. In Copenhagen (followed by Rome, Hamburg, and London) one carsharing car replaces about two times more private cars than in Madrid, the city with the lowest number. The main non-city specific influencing factor of shedding a private car due to the availability of the free-floating carsharing services seems to be the usage frequency of the service. The more kilometres users drive with these cars, the more likely it becomes that they sell a private car (or they sell their car and, therefore, use this service more often). Further memberships of bikesharing and other carsharing services, users that live in larger buildings as well as users that own several cars are more likely to reduce their number of cars, too. Finally, our findings are highly valuable for carsharing operators and (transport) policy makers when introducing free-floating carsharing systems in further cities. According to our results, all 11 cities show a reduced private car fleet due to members’ access to free-floating carsharing.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/136588/
Document Type:Article
Title:Does free-floating carsharing reduce private vehicle ownership? The case of SHARE NOW in European cities
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Jochem, PatrickPatrick.Jochem (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-7486-4958
Frankenhauser, DominikKarlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT)UNSPECIFIED
Ewald, LukasKarlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT)UNSPECIFIED
Ensslen, AxelKarlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT)UNSPECIFIED
Fromm, HansjörgKarlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT)UNSPECIFIED
Date:9 October 2020
Journal or Publication Title:Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Volume:141
DOI :10.1016/j.tra.2020.09.016
Page Range:pp. 373-395
Editors:
EditorsEmailEditor's ORCID iD
Ortuzar, Juan de DiosPontificia Universidad Católica de ChileUNSPECIFIED
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0965-8564
Status:Published
Keywords:Free-floating carsharing Survey Europe Cities Car Ownership
HGF - Research field:Energy
HGF - Program:Technology, Innovation and Society
HGF - Program Themes:Renewable Energy and Material Resources for Sustainable Futures - Integrating at Different Scales
DLR - Research area:Energy
DLR - Program:E SY - Energy Systems Analysis
DLR - Research theme (Project):E - Systems Analysis and Technology Assessment (old)
Location: Stuttgart
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Engineering Thermodynamics > Energy Systems Analysis
Deposited By: Jochem, Patrick
Deposited On:12 Oct 2020 16:04
Last Modified:12 Oct 2020 16:04

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