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Structural Sizing of a Rotorcraft Fuselage Using an Integrated Design Approach

Schwinn, Dominik and Weiand, Peter and Buchwald, Michel (2020) Structural Sizing of a Rotorcraft Fuselage Using an Integrated Design Approach. Journal of the American Helicopter Society, 65 (4), pp. 1-12. American Helicopter Society. doi: 10.4050/JAHS.65.042008. ISSN 0002-8711.

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For many years, the primary design objective of new helicopters was the design of the main rotor(s). Within the last couple of years, this approach has changed into an assessment of all helicopter components as an overall system, thus turning rotorcraft design into a highly interdisciplinary process. For instance, aerodynamics, flight mechanics, and the structural evaluation strongly affect each other, and these mutual influences are taken into account from the early phase of the conceptual design. Weight prediction in early design stages represents an essential part of the design process as it determines the basic properties of the rotorcraft. Owing to its function to carry crew and payload but also to serve as the central mounting for all components, the fuselage represents a major part of the rotorcraft. Therefore, the structural design of the fuselage airframe constitutes a significant factor of the rotorcraft design at the preliminary level. In this paper, an approach to include a higher fidelity method using finite elements for the structural analysis of rotorcraft fuselages within an integrated design environment is presented. Model generation and static analysis are conducted automatically. The helicopter is described using a common parametric data model during the complete design process, therefore providing a fast analysis of model changes. The generic finite element model presented in this paper was generated and structurally sized in about 2.5 min using a standard office computer, thus offering the integration of higher fidelity methods into early design sizing loops.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/136519/
Document Type:Article
Title:Structural Sizing of a Rotorcraft Fuselage Using an Integrated Design Approach
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Schwinn, DominikUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-2341-9632
Weiand, PeterUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-0964-6225
Date:October 2020
Journal or Publication Title:Journal of the American Helicopter Society
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Page Range:pp. 1-12
Publisher:American Helicopter Society
Keywords:rotorcraft design; structural design; weight estimation; structural sizing; multidisciplinary optimization; CPACS
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Aeronautics
HGF - Program Themes:fixed-wing aircraft
DLR - Research area:Aeronautics
DLR - Program:L AR - Aircraft Research
DLR - Research theme (Project):L - Structures and Materials (old), L - The Innovative Rotorcraft (old)
Location: Braunschweig , Stuttgart
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Structures and Design > Structural Integrity
Institute of Flight Systems > Rotorcraft
Deposited By: Schwinn, Dominik
Deposited On:07 Oct 2020 13:54
Last Modified:28 Mar 2023 23:57

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