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Small and Light Electric Vehicles: An Analysis of Feasible Transport Impacts and Opportunities for Improved Urban Land Use

Ewert, Amelie and Brost, Mascha and Eisenmann, Christine and Stieler, Sylvia (2020) Small and Light Electric Vehicles: An Analysis of Feasible Transport Impacts and Opportunities for Improved Urban Land Use. Sustainability (12(19)), p. 8098. Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI). doi: 10.3390/su12198098. ISSN 2071-1050.

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Official URL: https://www.mdpi.com/2071-1050/12/19/8098


Improvements in battery technology have resulted in small and light electric vehicles (LEVs) appearing on the market in Europe since 2011—however, their market share is still comparatively low. Low energy requirements and small size can potentially contribute to sustainable mobility in terms of climate protection and reduced local emissions. Our study evaluates how three-wheeled and four-wheeled vehicles, categorised as L-Class according to Regulation (EU) No 168/2013, can contribute to more efficient use of space in urban areas. Evaluations of expert interviews, an extensive literature research, and analyses of the German national household travel survey (MiD) serve as the basis of the study. First, the substitution potential of trips through LEVs is explored using MiD data. Our findings show that between 17% and 49% of trips made and 6% to 30% of the distance covered by private trips can theoretically be substituted by LEVs. Thus, reorganisation of current land use offers potential and additionally, LEVs are an attractive and sustainable addition to other means of transport and contribute to achieving the climate protection goals of the transport sector. Due to the fact that technology application is restricted by travel behaviour and political support, our study discusses possible support by public bodies towards sustainable mobility. Here, the promotion of LEVs in combination with restrictive measures for cars is necessary.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/136485/
Document Type:Article
Title:Small and Light Electric Vehicles: An Analysis of Feasible Transport Impacts and Opportunities for Improved Urban Land Use
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iDORCID Put Code
Date:1 October 2020
Journal or Publication Title:Sustainability
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Page Range:p. 8098
EditorsEmailEditor's ORCID iDORCID Put Code
Publisher:Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)
Series Name:Sustainability Special Issue Sustainable Automobilities in the Mobile Risk Society
Keywords:LEV; light electric vehicles; urban land use; urban mobility; small electric vehicles
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Transport
HGF - Program Themes:other
DLR - Research area:Transport
DLR - Program:V - no assignment
DLR - Research theme (Project):V - no assignment
Location: Stuttgart
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Vehicle Concepts > Fahrzeugsysteme und Technologiebewertung
Institute of Transport Research > Passenger Transport
Deposited By: Brost, Mascha
Deposited On:08 Oct 2020 11:29
Last Modified:27 Oct 2023 14:47

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