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A Large-Scale European Union Study of Aircrew Fatigue During Long Night and Disruptive Duties

Sallinen, M. and van Dijk, H. and Aeschbach, D. and Maij, A. and Akerstedt, T. (2020) A Large-Scale European Union Study of Aircrew Fatigue During Long Night and Disruptive Duties. Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance, 91 (8), pp. 628-635. Aerospace Medical Association. doi: 10.3357/AMHP.5561.2020. ISSN 2375-6314.

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Abstract

INTRODUCTION: We examined aircrew fatigue during the following flight duty periods (FDPs) mentioned in the European Union (EU) Flight Time Limitations (FTLs): night FDPs longer than 10 h and FDPs typical of disruptive schedules (early starts, late finishes, and nights). An alternative way of classifying night FDPs was also examined to reveal possible subcategories that warrant special attention. METHODS: A total of 392 aircrew members (96 women) representing 24 airlines participated in the study. Their FDPs were measured by a diary, sleep by the diary and wrist-actigraphy, and fatigue by the Karolinska Sleepiness Scale (KSS) over 14 consecutive days. The KSS ratings given at top of descent (TOD) served as the main outcome. RESULTS: The probability of high fatigue (KSS  7) at TOD was 0.41 and 0.32 during long (.10 h) and short night (#10 h) FDPs, respectively. The corresponding value was 0.19 for early starts, 0.31 for late finishes, 0.34 for night FDPs, and 0.15 for day FDPs (reference). The main predictors of high fatigue were FDP’s encroachment on the window of circadian low (WOCL, 02:00 h–05:59 h) and prior sleep. Within the night category, FDPs fully covering the WOCL showed the highest probability of high fatigue at TOD (0.42). DISCUSSION: Late finish and night FDPs warrant special attention in fatigue management. Within the night category, the same holds for FDPs that fully cover the WOCL. To manage fatigue, adjustments of the FTLs seem to be a limited strategy and therefore other measures, including maximizing preflight sleep, are needed.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/136415/
Document Type:Article
Title:A Large-Scale European Union Study of Aircrew Fatigue During Long Night and Disruptive Duties
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Sallinen, M.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
van Dijk, H.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Aeschbach, D.Daniel.Aeschbach (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Maij, A.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Akerstedt, T.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date:2020
Journal or Publication Title:Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Volume:91
DOI :10.3357/AMHP.5561.2020
Page Range:pp. 628-635
Publisher:Aerospace Medical Association
ISSN:2375-6314
Status:Published
Keywords:pilots, cabin crewmembers, sleepiness, sleep, flight duty period, top of descent
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Aeronautics
HGF - Program Themes:air traffic management and operations
DLR - Research area:Aeronautics
DLR - Program:L AO - Air Traffic Management and Operation
DLR - Research theme (Project):L - Human factors and safety in Aeronautics (old)
Location: Köln-Porz
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Aerospace Medicine > Sleep and Human Factors Research
Deposited By: Sender, Alina
Deposited On:05 Oct 2020 12:46
Last Modified:05 Oct 2020 12:46

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