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Development of an experimental set-up to investigate heat transport in convective air flows with phase transition

Niehaus, Konstantin A and Westhoff, Andreas and Wagner, Claus (2020) Development of an experimental set-up to investigate heat transport in convective air flows with phase transition. In: 22nd STAB/DGLR Symposium on New Results in Numerical and Experimental Fluid Mechanics XIII - Jahresbericht 2020, pp. 118-119. Springer Nature. 22. STAB/DGLR Symposium 2020, 15.07.2020, Göttingen, Deutschland.

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Official URL: https://www.dlr.de/as/de/Portaldata/5/Resources/dokumente/veranstaltungen/stab_workshop/STAB-Jahresbericht-2020.pdf

Abstract

The heat transfer in mixed convective air flows with phase transition is a phenomenon which occurs in nature and a plethora of technical applications. When condensing materials form droplets, condensation leads to an increased heat transfer rate and therefore is advantageous in heat exchangers \cite{Schmidt-1930}, whereas in other technical applications condensation is oftentimes undesirable. For instance, fogging on the windshield or headlights of motor vehicles leads to restrictions when driving and a reduction of optical transparency influences road safety. In addition, a considerable amount of thermal energy is required for defogging, which can have a negative effect on the range of electric cars \cite{WesthoffFAT}. The design and modification of these components with regard to optimizing dehumidification or preventing misting is often based on experience and intuition. Despite the enormous progress of numerical methods in recent years, there is still a lack of reliable and applicable models for the numerical simulation of condensation in general, and in particular of droplet condensation on surfaces. Due to the complexity of the physical processes that determine the heat transport and thus the fogging on the panes, reliable simulations are expensive and time-consuming, and therefore not suitable for industrial applications. Thus, the objective of the present study is to develop a model, using dimensionless numbers, which allows the prediction of the condensation behavior on panes based on a reduced parameter space. In such a configuration the mass transport of the vapor by phase transition, the resulting latent and the sensible heat transfer are determined by the physical processes of convection and diffusion, the boundary conditions and the material properties of the surfaces. In addition, the mass transfer of water vapor changes even with the smallest changes in the boundary conditions. A major challenge of this study is therefore to design and construct an experimental setup with the appropriate measurement technology, which meets the requirements of ensuring defined boundary conditions, reproducibility of the experiments and measurement accuracy. The setup corresponds to a generic replica of a vehicle headlamp.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/136404/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Other)
Additional Information:STAB-Jahresbericht 2020
Title:Development of an experimental set-up to investigate heat transport in convective air flows with phase transition
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Niehaus, Konstantin AKonstantin.Niehaus (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Westhoff, AndreasAndreas.Westhoff (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Wagner, ClausClaus.Wagner (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Date:October 2020
Journal or Publication Title:22nd STAB/DGLR Symposium on New Results in Numerical and Experimental Fluid Mechanics XIII - Jahresbericht 2020
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Page Range:pp. 118-119
Publisher:Springer Nature
Series Name:Notes on Numerical Fluid Mechanics and Multidisciplinary Design
Status:Published
Keywords:mixed convection, phase transition, condensation, automotive, head lamp
Event Title:22. STAB/DGLR Symposium 2020
Event Location:Göttingen, Deutschland
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:15.07.2020
Organizer:STAB/DGLR
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Transport
HGF - Program Themes:Transport System
DLR - Research area:Transport
DLR - Program:V VS - Verkehrssystem
DLR - Research theme (Project):V - Energie und Verkehr
Location: Göttingen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute for Aerodynamics and Flow Technology > Ground Vehicles
Deposited By: Niehaus, Konstantin A
Deposited On:09 Dec 2020 11:54
Last Modified:09 Dec 2020 11:54

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