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Automotive Cold Start of a PEMFC System by Using a Methanol Solution as Antifreeze

Montaner Rios, Gema and Schirmer, Johannes and Becker, Florian and Bleeck, Stefan and Gentner, Christoph and Kallo, Josef (2020) Automotive Cold Start of a PEMFC System by Using a Methanol Solution as Antifreeze. ECS Transactions, 98 (243). Electrochemical Society, Inc.. DOI: 10.1149/09809.0243ecst ISSN 1938-5862

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Abstract

The startup ability and durability at winter conditions has been a key issue for fuel cell vehicles. To reduce ice formation and to improve the cold start and lifetime of the PEMFC system, the remained water is commonly purged with dry gases at shutdown. This paper proposes an alternative cold storage method based on the use of a methanol solution as antifreeze. In order to study the cold start ability of a PEMFC system by using this method, cold start experiments at -10°C were performed with a 4 kW PEMFC stack. The results show that the stack can be successfully started at -10°C after being stored with the methanol solution and after these cold starts no performance degradation was observed. Furthermore, the use of the antifreeze method at shutdown may reduce its time and improve the energy efficiency of the system.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/136348/
Document Type:Article
Title:Automotive Cold Start of a PEMFC System by Using a Methanol Solution as Antifreeze
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Montaner Rios, GemaGema.MontanerRios (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Schirmer, JohannesJohannes.Schirmer (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Becker, FlorianFlorian.Becker (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Bleeck, StefanStefan.Bleck (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Gentner, ChristophChristoph.Gentner (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Kallo, JosefJosef.Kallo (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Date:September 2020
Journal or Publication Title:ECS Transactions
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Volume:98
DOI :10.1149/09809.0243ecst
Publisher:Electrochemical Society, Inc.
ISSN:1938-5862
Status:Published
Keywords:cold start. PEMFC system, antifreeze, methanol
HGF - Research field:Energy
HGF - Program:Storage and Cross-linked Infrastructures
HGF - Program Themes:Fuel cells
DLR - Research area:Energy
DLR - Program:E SP - Energy Storage
DLR - Research theme (Project):E - Electrochemical Processes (Fuel Cells)
Location: Hamburg
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Engineering Thermodynamics > Energy System Integration
Deposited By: Montaner Rios, Gema
Deposited On:12 Oct 2020 15:51
Last Modified:31 Oct 2020 04:35

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