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First measurements of the radiation dose on the lunar surface

Zhang, Shenyi and Wimmer-Schweingruber, Robert F. and Yu, Jia and Wang, Chi and Fu, Qiang and Zou, Yongliao and Sun, Yueqiang and Wang, Chunqin and Hou, Donghui and Böttcher, Stephan I. and Burmeister, Sönke and Seimetz, Lars and Schuster, Björn and Knierim, Violetta and Shen, Guohong and Yuan, Bin and Lohf, Henning and Guo, Jingnan and Xu, Zigong and Freiherr von Forstner, Johan L. and Kulkarni, Shrinivasrao R. and Xu, Haitao and Xue, Changbin and Li, Jun and Zhang, Zhe and Zhang, He and Berger, Thomas and Matthiä, Daniel and Hellweg, Christine E. and Hou, Xufeng and Cao, Jinbin and Chang, Zhen and Zhang, Binquan and Chen, Yuesong and Geng, Hao and Quan, Zida (2020) First measurements of the radiation dose on the lunar surface. Science Advances, 6 (39), eaaz1334. American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS). doi: 10.1126/sciadv.aaz1334. ISSN 2375-2548.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/sciadv.aaz1334

Abstract

Human exploration of the Moon is associated with substantial risks to astronauts from space radiation. On the surface of the Moon, this consists of the chronic exposure to galactic cosmic rays and sporadic solar particle events. The interaction of this radiation field with the lunar soil leads to a third component that consists of neutral particles, i.e., neutrons and gamma radiation. The Lunar Lander Neutrons and Dosimetry experiment aboard China’s Chang’E 4 lander has made the first ever measurements of the radiation exposure to both charged and neutral particles on the lunar surface. We measured an average total absorbed dose rate in silicon of 13.2 ± 1 μGy/hour and a neutral particle dose rate of 3.1 ± 0.5 μGy/hour.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/136315/
Document Type:Article
Title:First measurements of the radiation dose on the lunar surface
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Zhang, ShenyiNational Space Science Center, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, PR China.UNSPECIFIED
Wimmer-Schweingruber, Robert F.National Space Science Center, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, PR China and Institute of Experimental and Applied Physics, Christian-Albrechts-University, Kiel, Germany; wimmer (at) physik.uni-kiel.deUNSPECIFIED
Yu, JiaInstitute of Experimental and Applied Physics, Christian-Albrechts-University, Kiel, Germany.UNSPECIFIED
Wang, ChiNational Space Science Center, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, PR China.UNSPECIFIED
Fu, QiangNational Astronomical Observatories, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, PR China.UNSPECIFIED
Zou, YongliaoNational Space Science Center, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, PR China.UNSPECIFIED
Sun, YueqiangNational Space Science Center, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, PR China.UNSPECIFIED
Wang, ChunqinNational Space Science Center, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, PR China.UNSPECIFIED
Hou, DonghuiNational Space Science Center, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, PR China.UNSPECIFIED
Böttcher, Stephan I.Institute of Experimental and Applied Physics, Christian-Albrechts-University, Kiel, Germany.UNSPECIFIED
Burmeister, SönkeInstitute of Experimental and Applied Physics, Christian-Albrechts-University, Kiel, Germany.UNSPECIFIED
Seimetz, LarsInstitute of Experimental and Applied Physics, Christian-Albrechts-University, Kiel, Germany.UNSPECIFIED
Schuster, BjörnInstitute of Experimental and Applied Physics, Christian-Albrechts-University, Kiel, Germany.UNSPECIFIED
Knierim, ViolettaInstitute of Experimental and Applied Physics, Christian-Albrechts-University, Kiel, Germany.UNSPECIFIED
Shen, GuohongNational Space Science Center, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, PR China.UNSPECIFIED
Yuan, BinNational Space Science Center, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, PR China.UNSPECIFIED
Lohf, HenningInstitute of Experimental and Applied Physics, Christian-Albrechts-University, Kiel, Germany.UNSPECIFIED
Guo, JingnanInstitute of Experimental and Applied Physics, Christian-Albrechts-University, Kiel, Germany.UNSPECIFIED
Xu, ZigongInstitute of Experimental and Applied Physics, Christian-Albrechts-University, Kiel, Germany.UNSPECIFIED
Freiherr von Forstner, Johan L.Institute of Experimental and Applied Physics, Christian-Albrechts-University, Kiel, Germany.UNSPECIFIED
Kulkarni, Shrinivasrao R.Institute of Experimental and Applied Physics, Christian-Albrechts-University, Kiel, Germany.UNSPECIFIED
Xu, HaitaoNational Space Science Center, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, PR China.UNSPECIFIED
Xue, ChangbinNational Space Science Center, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, PR China.UNSPECIFIED
Li, JunNational Space Science Center, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, PR China.UNSPECIFIED
Zhang, ZheLunar Exploration and Space Engineering Center, Beijing, PR China.UNSPECIFIED
Zhang, HeChina Academy of Space Technology, Beijing, PR China.UNSPECIFIED
Berger, ThomasRadiation Biology Department, Institute of Aerospace Medicine, German Aerospace Center (DLR), Cologne, Germany; Thomas.Berger (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-3319-5740
Matthiä, DanielRadiation Biology Department, Institute of Aerospace Medicine, German Aerospace Center (DLR), Cologne, Germany; Daniel.Matthiae (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-1507-0143
Hellweg, Christine E.Radiation Biology Department, German Aerospace Center (DLR), Institute of Aerospace Medicine, Linder Hoehe, 51147 Cologne (Köln), Germany; Christine.Hellweg (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-2223-3580
Hou, Xufeng18th Research Institute, China Electronics Technology Group Corporation, Tianjin, PR China.UNSPECIFIED
Cao, JinbinBeiHang University, Beijing, PR China.UNSPECIFIED
Chang, ZhenNational Space Science Center, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, PR China.UNSPECIFIED
Zhang, BinquanNational Space Science Center, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, PR China.UNSPECIFIED
Chen, YuesongNational Space Science Center, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, PR China.UNSPECIFIED
Geng, HaoNational Space Science Center, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, PR China.UNSPECIFIED
Quan, ZidaNational Space Science Center, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, PR China.UNSPECIFIED
Date:25 September 2020
Journal or Publication Title:Science Advances
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:Yes
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Volume:6
DOI :10.1126/sciadv.aaz1334
Page Range:eaaz1334
Publisher:American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)
ISSN:2375-2548
Status:Published
Keywords:Moon, space radiation, risks to astronauts, Lunar Lander, China’s Chang’E 4 lander, measurements of radiation exposure on lunar surface
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Research under Space Conditions
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R FR - Research under Space Conditions
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Vorhaben Strahlenbiologie (old)
Location: Köln-Porz
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Aerospace Medicine > Radiation Biology
Deposited By: Kopp, Kerstin
Deposited On:29 Sep 2020 11:34
Last Modified:29 Sep 2020 11:34

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