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Challenges in the Scaled-up Synthesis of Carbon Aerogel Granulate for Foundry Application

Heinrich, Charlotte and Ignatzi, Benjamin and Probst, Rebekka and Milow, Barbara (2020) Challenges in the Scaled-up Synthesis of Carbon Aerogel Granulate for Foundry Application. Online Aerogel Seminar 2020, 16.-18. September 2020, Online (Hamburg, Deutschland).

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Abstract

A lot of industrial partners are very interested in exploring new opportunities for the application of aerogel materials. Often tests on an industrial scale are hindered by the lack of large material quantities since scaled-up synthesis has been insufficiently studied so far. Our developments focus on the synthesis of carbon (C) aerogel granulate that is used as functional sand core additives for foundry industry to eliminate casting defects, decrease casting rejection and lower the emission of BTXE gases during casting. C aerogels can be prepared by pyrolysis of organic aerogels like e.g. resorcinol-formaldehyde (RF) aerogels in a furnace under inert gas at elevated temperatures. RF aerogel synthesis takes place in a three-step process consisting of sol-gel reaction, ageing of the gel and drying. In the drying step, the solvent is removed completely from the gel while maintaining the porous network structure. For the use as additives for foundry applications, aerogel granulate of defined grain size is required according to safety regulations and for better handling. Therefore, monolithic aerogels have to be ground and screened prior to application. We address the challenges of transferring the synthesis of C aerogel granulate from laboratory to pilot plant scale production. Our batch production yields about 15 kilogram of RF aerogel, considering the low density of 0.31 g/cm³ this equals 48 L. Further processing includes granulation and carbonization, elevating the level of development with respect to foundry needs. Product quality was determined by measuring density, surface area, particle size distribution and micro-structural appearance in SEM pictures. Practical applicability of the C aerogel granulate has been tested in a demanding case of iron casting.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/136182/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
Title:Challenges in the Scaled-up Synthesis of Carbon Aerogel Granulate for Foundry Application
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Heinrich, CharlotteCharlotte.Heinrich (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-8970-9598
Ignatzi, Benjaminbenjamin.ignatzi (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Probst, RebekkaRebekka.Probst (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Milow, BarbaraBarbara.Milow (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-6350-7728
Date:September 2020
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Status:Published
Keywords:resorcinol-formaldehyde carbon aerogel scale-up up-scaling foundry application
Event Title:Online Aerogel Seminar 2020
Event Location:Online (Hamburg, Deutschland)
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:16.-18. September 2020
Organizer:Technische Universität Hamburg (TUHH)
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Transport
HGF - Program Themes:Road Transport
DLR - Research area:Transport
DLR - Program:V ST Straßenverkehr
DLR - Research theme (Project):V - NGC Fahrzeugstruktur II
Location: Köln-Porz
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Materials Research > Aerogels and Aerogel Composites
Deposited By: Heinrich, Dr. Charlotte
Deposited On:19 Oct 2020 09:56
Last Modified:19 Oct 2020 09:56

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