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Infuence of crop cultivation conditions on space greenhouse equivalent system mass

Zabel, Paul (2020) Infuence of crop cultivation conditions on space greenhouse equivalent system mass. CEAS Space Journal. Springer. doi: 10.1007/s12567-020-00317-5. ISSN 1868-2502.

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Abstract

Future crewed space missions will make use of hybrid life support systems to sustain human presence in space and on other planetary bodies. Plants fulfll essential roles in those systems such as carbon dioxide removal, oxygen production, and food production. The systems required to grow plants in space, so-called space greenhouses, are complex and need to be built as efcient as possible. Thereby, the resources mass, volume, energy, and crewtime required to grow a certain amount of food are essential because these parameters defne the efectiveness of the space greenhouse. However, the required resources depend on the size of the greenhouse which in turn depends on the productivity of the crops which in turn depend on the cultivation conditions. The output of such a system can be calculated using the Modifed Energy Cascade plant production model, which can simulate the food output depending on the cultivation conditions. Traditionally, life support systems are evaluated using the Equivalent System Mass method, which can determine the cost efective life support architecture for a given mission scenario. By combining both, the infuence of the cultivation conditions inside the space greenhouse on the efectiveness of the complete system can be investigated. It seems counterintuitive frst, but it is more efective to increase the energy per area provided to the plants in the form of light. Although that increases the electrical energy demand per area, the reduction in required cultivation area and, therefore, system size leads to a more efcient system.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/135979/
Document Type:Article
Title:Infuence of crop cultivation conditions on space greenhouse equivalent system mass
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Zabel, PaulPaul.Zabel (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-7907-9230
Date:2020
Journal or Publication Title:CEAS Space Journal
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
DOI :10.1007/s12567-020-00317-5
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:1868-2502
Status:Published
Keywords:Bio-regenerative life support, Food production in space, Modeling, Simulation, MEC, ESM
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Space System Technology
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R SY - Space System Technology
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Systemanalyse Raumsegment (old)
Location: Bremen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Space Systems > System Analysis Space Segment
Deposited By: Zabel, Paul
Deposited On:14 Sep 2020 11:51
Last Modified:14 Sep 2020 11:51

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