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Assessing Cognitive Capacityby P3During a Complex ManualControl Task

Johannes, B.W. and Bubeev, J.A. and Kotrovskaya, T.I. and Bronnikov, S.V. and Pierchowski, S. and Elmenhorst, E.-M. and Rittweger, J. and Jordan, J. and Gaillard, A.W.K. (2020) Assessing Cognitive Capacityby P3During a Complex ManualControl Task. Journal of Psychophysiology. Hogrefe. doi: 10.1027/0269-8803/a000260. ISSN 0269-8803.

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Official URL: https://econtent.hogrefe.com/doi/10.1027/0269-8803/a000260

Abstract

Our aim was to adapt a classical P3 method to assess the free cognitive capacity during spacecraft docking training in space.Electroencephalogram (EEG) measurement in space is limited by several conditions. Based on experience with our own EEG experiments onMIR and ISS, we decided to use dry electrodes and restricted the electrode placement to the forehead. We examined whether P3 can bereliably obtained under these conditions. Subjects had to perform a manually controlled docking task simultaneously with an acousticmonitory task. The P3 component was evoked by the acoustic stimuli of the secondary task. Twenty-six subjects participated in this study,situated in a space simulation on earth. After a familiarization session, they performed the docking tasks at three difficulty levels: low,medium, and difficult. In the secondary task, subjects had to discriminate between a low (750 Hz) and a high (1,000 Hz) tone, which differed inprobability of 90% and 10%, respectively. The subjects had to count the high tone and after 10 relevant tones and had to give a voice commandto a power supply configuration. P3 amplitude was largest and the latency shortest during the medium difficult task. A decision matrix basedon differences between the relevant and irrelevant P3 was calculated for each subject and each task. The results suggest that P3 can berecorded during a complex manual control task and can be used to assess individual free cognitive capacity.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/135815/
Document Type:Article
Title:Assessing Cognitive Capacityby P3During a Complex ManualControl Task
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Johannes, B.W.Bernd.Johannes (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Bubeev, J.A.Division of Psychophysiology and Neurophysiology of operator’s activity, State Research Center of Russian Federation, Institute for Biomedical Problems RAS, Moscow, RussiaUNSPECIFIED
Kotrovskaya, T.I.division of psychophysiology and neurophysiology of operator’s activity, state research center of russian federation, institute for biomedical problems ras, moscow, russiaUNSPECIFIED
Bronnikov, S.V.division of psychophysiology and neurophysiology of operator’s activity, state research center of russian federation, institute for biomedical problems ras, moscow, russiaUNSPECIFIED
Pierchowski, S.Sarah.Piechowski (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Elmenhorst, E.-M.Eva-Maria.Elmenhorst (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-0336-6705
Rittweger, J.Joern.Rittweger (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-2223-8963
Jordan, J.Institute of Aerospace Medicine, German Aerospace Center (DLR), Cologne, Germany and Lehrstuhl für Luft- und Raumfahrtmedizin, Universität zu Köln; Jens.Jordan (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-4518-0706
Gaillard, A.W.K.TNO SoesterbergUNSPECIFIED
Date:6 April 2020
Journal or Publication Title:Journal of Psychophysiology
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
DOI :10.1027/0269-8803/a000260
Publisher:Hogrefe
ISSN:0269-8803
Status:Published
Keywords:manual docking task, secondary task, free cognitive capacity, P3 brain potential
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Research under Space Conditions
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R FR - Forschung unter Weltraumbedingungen
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Vorhaben Systemphysiologie
Location: Köln-Porz
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Aerospace Medicine > Muscle and Bone Metabolism
Institute of Aerospace Medicine > Leitungsbereich ME
Institute of Aerospace Medicine > Sleep and Human Factors Research
Deposited By: Arndt, Carina
Deposited On:01 Sep 2020 12:53
Last Modified:30 Sep 2020 09:46

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