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Multidimensional assessment of passenger cars: Comparison of electric vehicles with internal combustion engine vehicles

Wilken, Dennis and Oswald, Matthias and Draheim, Patrick and Pade, Christian and Brand, Urte and Vogt, Thomas (2020) Multidimensional assessment of passenger cars: Comparison of electric vehicles with internal combustion engine vehicles. In: Procedia Cirp (90), pp. 291-296. Elsevier B.V.. 27th CIRP Life Cycle Engineering (LCE) Conference, 13.-15. Mai 2020, Grenoble, Frankreich. DOI: 10.1016/j.procir.2020.01.101 ISSN 2212-8271

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Official URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2212827120302699

Abstract

In the pursuit of transforming the transportation sector towards sustainability, a technological shift in vehicle drive systems is being promoted worldwide. Conventional gasoline or diesel fueled cars powered by internal combustion engines (internal combustion engine vehicle, ICEV) are to be replaced with alternative cars that are electrically driven (electric vehicle, EV) and powered by a battery, which is either externally charged (battery-electric vehicle, BEV) or internally charged via a hydrogen fuel cell (fuel cell electric vehicle, FCEV). However, whether or not EVs are superior to ICEVs throughout their entire life cycle is still subject to debate. Though considerable numbers of environmental life cycle assessment (eLCA) studies and—to a much lesser extent—life cycle costing (LCC) and social life cycle assessment (sLCA) studies have already been conducted, their individual results alone do not allow decision-makers to draw conclusions concerning the overall sustainability performance of the various vehicle technologies. Therefore, we are presenting a novel approach to analyze ICEV-, BEV-, and FCEV-type passenger cars on a multidimensional basis. This approach is based upon and combines existing studies about eLCA, LCC, sLCA, and further assessments to carry out a comprehensive meta-analysis by using multi-criteria decision making (MCDM) methods. Through a transparent and differentiated presentation of the results, the adopted approach furthermore enables decision-makers to identify specific aspects influencing the overall performance of each vehicle technology and to take measures that allow for the implementation of sustainable vehicle concepts.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/135781/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:Multidimensional assessment of passenger cars: Comparison of electric vehicles with internal combustion engine vehicles
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Wilken, DennisUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Oswald, MatthiasMatthias.Oswald (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Draheim, PatrickPatrick.Draheim (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Pade, Christianchristian.pade (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Brand, UrteUrte.Brand (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Vogt, ThomasT.Vogt (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Date:August 2020
Journal or Publication Title:Procedia Cirp
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:No
DOI :10.1016/j.procir.2020.01.101
Page Range:pp. 291-296
Editors:
EditorsEmailEditor's ORCID iD
Brissaud, DanielUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Zwolinski, PeggyUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Paris, HenriUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Riel, AndreasUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Publisher:Elsevier B.V.
Series Name:Procedia CIRP
ISSN:2212-8271
Status:Published
Keywords:Electromobility, Sustainable Transport, Holistic assessment, Multi-criteria decision making (MCDM), Battery-electric Vehicle, Fuel cell electric Vehicle, Life cycle assessment, Life cycle sustainability assessment, Total cost of ownership
Event Title:27th CIRP Life Cycle Engineering (LCE) Conference
Event Location:Grenoble, Frankreich
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:13.-15. Mai 2020
HGF - Research field:Energy
HGF - Program:Technology, Innovation and Society
HGF - Program Themes:Renewable Energy and Material Resources for Sustainable Futures - Integrating at Different Scales
DLR - Research area:Energy
DLR - Program:E SY - Energy Systems Analysis
DLR - Research theme (Project):E - Systems Analysis and Technology Assessment
Location: Oldenburg
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Networked Energy Systems > Energy Systems Analysis
Deposited By: Oswald, Matthias
Deposited On:21 Aug 2020 08:57
Last Modified:21 Aug 2020 08:57

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