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Low cost carriers in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region: Emergence and barriers to development

Joshan, Saeid and Maertens, Sven (2020) Low cost carriers in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region: Emergence and barriers to development. Journal of Transport Geography, 87 (102799), e102799. Elsevier. doi: 10.1016/j.jtrangeo.2020.102799. ISSN 0966-6923.

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Official URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0966692319309366?dgcid=author


This paper investigates the development of low cost carriers (LCCs) in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region from a broader perspective. We use passenger volume data at the airline and flight segment levels to illustrate the development of LCCs in the region; we conduct a structured comparison of the actual business model characteristics of the MENA-based LCCs to assess their adherence to the archetypical LCC business model; and we compile the key barriers to LCC growth in MENA from the literature. We find that the overall market share of LCCs in MENA is still below the world average, despite high growth in recent years. The presence of LCCs varies considerably between MENA countries and route groups. The more upscale, Jetblue-style business model, where passengers benefit from additional, complementary services or product characteristics, prevails. Political tensions, adverse regulations and lower levels of liberalization compared to Europe or North America negatively affect LCC development in many MENA countries. While low middle-class proportions appear to be a challenge for low cost business models, Asian diaspora and tourism – from beach holidays to pilgrimage – seem to induce additional demand.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/135671/
Document Type:Article
Title:Low cost carriers in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region: Emergence and barriers to development
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Joshan, Saeidsaeid.joshan (at) gmail.comUNSPECIFIED
Maertens, SvenSven.Maertens (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-4618-0946
Date:21 July 2020
Journal or Publication Title:Journal of Transport Geography
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
DOI :10.1016/j.jtrangeo.2020.102799
Page Range:e102799
Keywords:Air transport development; Middle East; North Africa; Low cost carrier
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Transport
HGF - Program Themes:Transport System
DLR - Research area:Transport
DLR - Program:V VS - Verkehrssystem
DLR - Research theme (Project):V - Ökonver (old)
Location: Köln-Porz
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Air Transport and Airport Research > Air Transport Research
Deposited By: Maertens, Dr. Sven
Deposited On:05 Aug 2020 11:50
Last Modified:12 Mar 2021 10:35

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