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Machine learning approach for spatio-temporal prediction of normalized difference vegetation index towards early estimation of leaf-fall risk on transportation routes

Patil, Akhil Jayant (2020) Machine learning approach for spatio-temporal prediction of normalized difference vegetation index towards early estimation of leaf-fall risk on transportation routes. Magisterarbeit, Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität Münster.

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Abstract

During the autumn season, deciduous trees shed their leaves due to the process of abscission. Due to different rates and uncommon starting points of abscission, the fall of leaves happens throughout the fall season. Leaf fall is one of the phenology events that can be tracked by monitoring the changes in the values of normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI). This thesis proposes to use deep learning model to predict the NDVI of a vegetation area for an interval of few days in future. The model takes series of images, having multiple channels as the training data. Each image has a channel to hold data for NDVI, which was calculated from satellite images. Other channels are occupied by parameters that are critical to change in NDVI, such as elevation and weather data like temperature, precipitation, etc. These images cover the period of autumn (fall) season, which is from end of summer until the start of winter. It is the period that tracks trees when they have full foliage until the point when no or very less leaves are present on the trees. The approach of using neural network for prediction of vegetation index is very novel. There are numerous applications where the predicted NDVI values could be used for further investigation and analysis. Railway authorities in many countries like USA, Canada, UK, Germany, etc. face the problem of tree leaves falling on railway tracks and roads during the autumn season. When trains and vehicles travel over these leaves, they get pressed into a slippery layer on the surface of tracks and roads respectively. This layer causes road accidents and overshooting of trains, causing the train to cover longer distance to halt. In post-prediction phase, predicted NDVI image with demarked railway track on it can be used to identify track segments impacted with possible leaf fall. Based on it, priority (low, medium and high) of railway track segments can be set and the necessary leaf removal resources can be planned accordingly. Another promising application for NDVI based leaf-fall estimation can be with self-driving vehicles where the autonomous systems could use it as meta-data for choosing paths to drive on. These estimates can help the autonomous system to avoid the routes with low visibility of road markings due to fallen leaves.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/135350/
Document Type:Thesis (Magisterarbeit)
Title:Machine learning approach for spatio-temporal prediction of normalized difference vegetation index towards early estimation of leaf-fall risk on transportation routes
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Patil, Akhil JayantAkhil.Patil (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Date:22 June 2020
Refereed publication:No
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Number of Pages:88
Status:Published
Keywords:NDVI, Railway, Artificial Inteligence, Neural Network, Semantig Segmentation, Autoregressive Model
Institution:Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität Münster
Department:Institut für Geoinformatik
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Transport
HGF - Program Themes:Rail Transport
DLR - Research area:Transport
DLR - Program:V SC Schienenverkehr
DLR - Research theme (Project):V - Digitalisierung und Automatisierung des Bahnsystems
Location: Braunschweig
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Transportation Systems
Deposited By: Schubert, Lucas Andreas
Deposited On:24 Jun 2020 14:45
Last Modified:24 Jun 2020 14:45

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