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Greater maintenance of bone mineral content in male than female athletes and in sprinting and jumping than endurance athletes: a longitudinal study of bone strength in elite masters athletes

Ireland, Alex and Mittag, Uwe and Degens, Hans and Felsenberg, Dieter and Ferretti, José Luis and Heinonen, Ari and Koltai, Erika and Korhonen, Marko and McPhee, Jamie S. and Mekjavic, Igor and Piasecki, Jessica and Pisot, Rado and Radak, Zsolt and Simunic, Bostjan and Wilks, Desireé Christin and Winwood, Keith and Rittweger, Jörn (2020) Greater maintenance of bone mineral content in male than female athletes and in sprinting and jumping than endurance athletes: a longitudinal study of bone strength in elite masters athletes. Archives of Osteoporosis, 15 (1), p. 87. Springer Nature. doi: 10.1007/s11657-020-00757-w. ISSN 1862-3522.

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Official URL: https://econtent.hogrefe.com/doi/pdf/10.1027/0269-8803/a000260

Abstract

Summary We investigated longitudinal changes in tibia bone strength in master power (jumping and sprinting) and endurance (distance) athletes of both sexes. Bone mass but not cross-sectional moment of inertia was better maintained in power than endurance athletes over time, particularly in men and independent of changes in performance. Objective Assessment of effects of sex and athletic discipline (lower limb power events, e.g. sprint running and jumping versus endurance running events) on longitudinal changes in bone strength in masters athletes. Methods We examined tibia and fibula bone properties at distal (4% distal-proximal tibia length) and proximal (66% length) sites using peripheral quantitative computed tomography (pQCT) in seventy-one track and field masters athletes (30 male, 41 female, age at baseline 57.0 ± 12.2 years) in a longitudinal cohort study that included at least two testing sessions over a mean period of 4.2 ± 3.1 years. Effects of time, as well as time × sex and time × discipline interactions on bone parameters and calf muscle crosssectional area (CSA), were examined. Results Effects of time were sex and discipline-dependent, even following adjustment for enrolment age, sex and changes in muscle CSA and athletic performance. Male sex and participation in power events was associated with better maintenance of tibia bone mineral content (BMC, an indicator of bone compressive strength) at 4% and 66% sites. In contrast, there was no strong evidence of sex or discipline effects on cross-sectional moment of inertia (CSMI, an indicator of bone bending and torsional strength—P > 0.3 for interactions). Similar sex and discipline-specific changes were also observed in the fibula.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/135318/
Document Type:Article
Title:Greater maintenance of bone mineral content in male than female athletes and in sprinting and jumping than endurance athletes: a longitudinal study of bone strength in elite masters athletes
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Ireland, AlexManchester Metropolitan University; a.ireland (at) mmu.ac.ukUNSPECIFIED
Mittag, UweUwe.Mittag (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-8580-3085
Degens, Hansh.degens (at) mmu.ac.ukUNSPECIFIED
Felsenberg, DieterCharité Campus Benjamin FranklinUNSPECIFIED
Ferretti, José LuisUniversity of RosarioUNSPECIFIED
Heinonen, AriUniversity of JyväskyäUNSPECIFIED
Koltai, ErikaResearch Institute of Sport Science, University of Physical Education, Budapest, HungaryUNSPECIFIED
Korhonen, MarkoUniversity of JyväskyäUNSPECIFIED
McPhee, Jamie S.Manchester Metropolitan UniversityUNSPECIFIED
Mekjavic, IgorJozef Stefan InstituteUNSPECIFIED
Piasecki, JessicaUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-9758-6295
Pisot, RadoUniversity of Primorska, SloveniaUNSPECIFIED
Radak, ZsoltResearch Institute of Sport Science, University of Physical Education, Budapest, HungaryUNSPECIFIED
Simunic, BostjanUniversity of Primorska, SloveniaUNSPECIFIED
Wilks, Desireé Christindesiree.wilks (at) mrc-hnr.cam.ac.ukUNSPECIFIED
Winwood, Keithk.winwood (at) mmu.ac.ukUNSPECIFIED
Rittweger, JörnJoern.Rittweger (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-2223-8963
Date:June 2020
Journal or Publication Title:Archives of Osteoporosis
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Volume:15
DOI :10.1007/s11657-020-00757-w
Page Range:p. 87
Publisher:Springer Nature
ISSN:1862-3522
Status:Published
Keywords:Exercise, Ageing, Biomechanics, Bone geometry, Osteoporosis
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Research under Space Conditions
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R FR - Research under Space Conditions
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Vorhaben Systemphysiologie (old)
Location: Köln-Porz
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Aerospace Medicine > Muscle and Bone Metabolism
Deposited By: Arndt, Carina
Deposited On:01 Sep 2020 12:40
Last Modified:30 Sep 2020 09:40

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