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Configurations of renewable power generation in cities using open source approaches: With Philadelphia case study

Ranalli, Joseph and Alhamwi, Alaa (2020) Configurations of renewable power generation in cities using open source approaches: With Philadelphia case study. Applied Energy, 269, p. 115027. Elsevier. doi: 10.1016/j.apenergy.2020.115027. ISSN 0306-2619.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2020.115027


In this paper, an open source tool is introduced to represent urban energy infrastructure in the City of Philadelphia, and different renewable energy scenarios are compared with respect to minimization of the standard deviation of the residual load. Renewable energy sources play a critical role in the world’s ongoing energy transition in response to climate change. Urban Energy Systems may be particularly sensitive to this transition due to the high energy demand density associated with urban environments. Open energy analysis and modeling tools can provide important information that can be used by urban energy planners, policy makers, and other stakeholders during this transition. In the present study, we apply FlexiGIS, an open energy modeling tool developed in a European context, to a case study in the City of Philadelphia. Due to the importance of open access to energy data, we pay particular attention to open energy data sources. Notably, OpenStreetMap was incomplete in its spatial coverage, but alternate open data resources were identified. This work conducts an optimization of the renewable energy mix to minimize the amount of balancing energy required for the residual load. We observe that Philadelphia has an optimal mix of renewables that favors a roughly even share of wind and solar, but that, compared to a previous case study in Oldenburg, Germany, requires more balancing energy at comparable levels of renewable penetration.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/135189/
Document Type:Article
Title:Configurations of renewable power generation in cities using open source approaches: With Philadelphia case study
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iDORCID Put Code
Alhamwi, AlaaUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-5079-6412UNSPECIFIED
Date:12 May 2020
Journal or Publication Title:Applied Energy
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Page Range:p. 115027
EditorsEmailEditor's ORCID iDORCID Put Code
Yang, JinyueRoyal Institute of TechnologyUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Keywords:FlexiGIS platform Urban Energy Systems (UES) Geographic Information Systems (GIS) OpenStreetMap (OSM) Open source data and models Optimal mix
HGF - Research field:Energy
HGF - Program:Technology, Innovation and Society
HGF - Program Themes:Renewable Energy and Material Resources for Sustainable Futures - Integrating at Different Scales
DLR - Research area:Energy
DLR - Program:E SY - Energy Systems Analysis
DLR - Research theme (Project):E - Systems Analysis and Technology Assessment (old)
Location: Oldenburg
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Networked Energy Systems > Energy Systems Analysis
Deposited By: Alhamwi, Alaa
Deposited On:09 Jun 2020 17:18
Last Modified:09 Jun 2020 17:18

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