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The EDEN ISS Facility as platform for plant experiments in extreme environments

Fortezza, Raimondo and Ceriello, Antonio and De Simone, Domenico and Schubert, Daniel and Zabel, Paul and Zeidler, Conrad and Vrakking, Vincent (2020) The EDEN ISS Facility as platform for plant experiments in extreme environments. Aerotecnica Missili e (&) Spazio: Journal of Aerospace Sciences, Technologies and Systems. Aerotecnica Missili & Spazio. doi: 10.1007/s42496-020-00051-5. ISSN 0365-7442.

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Abstract

EDEN ISS is an H2020 project aimed at testing key technologies for plant cultivation in large-scale closed environments for a future implementation in space habitats. In this light, a Future Exploration Greenhouse has been designed, developed and deployed at the highly isolated German Neumayer III Antarctic Station to simulate the harsh conditions of an extra planetary outpost mission and test a typical space operation scenario. The greenhouse has been equipped with all the systems to control the environmental parameters (temperature, relative humidity, light intensity, etc.), and to accommodate and feed the plants during their lifecycle. A camera system has been implemented for plant status assessment via remote image analysis. A command and data handling system provides the capability to configure the experimental set points via software, and can be controlled by remote operators. A Mission Control Centre has been realized at DLR for remote monitoring and control of the facility. The MCC receives all the telemetry and the images and can make them available to other centres, which have been included in the operations loop to provide expert support to the on-site operator. This paper describes the facility and its capabilities as platform for fresh food production experiments in an extreme environment. It is an extended version of a paper presented at the AIDAA Congress 2019, in the Technical Session “Red Planet Exploration”.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/135078/
Document Type:Article
Title:The EDEN ISS Facility as platform for plant experiments in extreme environments
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Fortezza, RaimondoTelespazio S.p.A., 00156 Roma, ItalyUNSPECIFIED
Ceriello, AntonioTelespazio S.p.A., 00156 Roma, ItalyUNSPECIFIED
De Simone, DomenicoTelespazio S.p.A., 00156 Roma, ItalyUNSPECIFIED
Schubert, DanielDaniel.Schubert (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Zabel, PaulPaul.Zabel (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-7907-9230
Zeidler, Conradconrad.zeidler (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-6049-1321
Vrakking, VincentVincent.Vrakking (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Date:May 2020
Journal or Publication Title:Aerotecnica Missili e (&) Spazio: Journal of Aerospace Sciences, Technologies and Systems
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
DOI :10.1007/s42496-020-00051-5
Publisher:Aerotecnica Missili & Spazio
ISSN:0365-7442
Status:Published
Keywords:Space greenhouse, Plant cultivation, Extreme environment, Bio-regenerative closed loop environmental systems
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Research under Space Conditions
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R FR - Research under Space Conditions
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Projekt :envihab (old)
Location: Bremen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Space Systems > System Analysis Space Segment
Deposited By: Zeidler, Conrad
Deposited On:28 May 2020 13:53
Last Modified:09 Nov 2020 10:30

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