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Arctic avian predators synchronise their spring migration with the northern progression of snowmelt

Curk, Teja and Pokrovsky, Ivan and Lecomte, Nicolas and Aarvak, Tomas and Burnham, Kurt and Dietz, Andreas and Franke, Alastair and Gauthier, Gilles and Jacobsen, Karl-Otto and Kidd, Jeff and Lewis, Stephen B. and Øien, Ingar J. and Solheim, Roar and Wiebe, Karen and Wikelski, Martin and Therrien, Jean-François and Safi, Kamran (2020) Arctic avian predators synchronise their spring migration with the northern progression of snowmelt. Nature (10), pp. 1-11. Nature Publishing Group. DOI: 10.1038/s41598-020-63312-0 ISSN 0028-0836

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Official URL: https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-020-63312-0

Abstract

Migratory species display a range of migration patterns between irruptive (facultative) to regular (obligate), as a response to different predictability of resources. In the Arctic, snow directly influences resource availability. The causes and consequences of different migration patterns of migratory species as a response to the snow conditions remains however unexplored. Birds migrating to the Arctic are expected to follow the spring snowmelt to optimise their arrival time and select for snow-free areas to maximise prey encounter en-route. Based on large-scale movement data, we compared the migration patterns of three top predator species of the tundra in relation to the spatio-temporal dynamics of snow cover. The snowy owl, an irruptive migrant, the rough-legged buzzard, with an intermediary migration pattern, and the peregrine falcon as a regular migrant, all followed, as expected, the spring snowmelt during their migrations. However, the owl stayed ahead, the buzzard stayed on, and the falcon stayed behind the spatio-temporal peak in snowmelt. Although none of the species avoided snow-covered areas, they presumably used snow presence as a cue to time their arrival at their breeding grounds. We show the importance of environmental cues for species with different migration patterns.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/134955/
Document Type:Article
Title:Arctic avian predators synchronise their spring migration with the northern progression of snowmelt
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Curk, TejaMax Planck Institute of Animal Behavior, Department of Migration, Am Obstberg 1, Radolfzell, 78315, GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Pokrovsky, IvanMax Planck Institute of Animal Behavior, Department of Migration, Am Obstberg 1, Radolfzell, 78315, GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Lecomte, NicolasCanada Research Chair in Polar and Boreal Ecology, Department of Biology, Université de Moncton, 18 Antonine-Maillet, Moncton, NB E1A 3E9, CanadaUNSPECIFIED
Aarvak, TomasNorwegian Ornithological Society, BirdLife Norway, Sandgata 30B, Trondheim, 7012, NorwayUNSPECIFIED
Burnham, KurtHigh Arctic Institute, 603 10th Avenue, Orion, IL, 61273, USAUNSPECIFIED
Dietz, AndreasAndreas.Dietz (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Franke, AlastairUniversity of Alberta, Faculty of Science, 116 St NW, Edmonton, AB, T6G 2R3, CanadaUNSPECIFIED
Gauthier, GillesUniversité Laval, Department of Biology and Centre d’études nordiques, 1045 avenue de la Médecine, Québec, QC, G1V 0A6, CanadaUNSPECIFIED
Jacobsen, Karl-OttoNorwegian Institute for Nature Research, Department of Arctic Ecology, Hjalmar Johansens gate 14, Tromso, 9296, NorwayUNSPECIFIED
Kidd, JeffKidd Biological Inc, 2911 Meridian Court, Anacortes, WA, 98221, USAUNSPECIFIED
Lewis, Stephen B.U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Division of Migratory Bird Management, 3000 Vintage Blvd 201, Juneau, AK, 99801, USAUNSPECIFIED
Øien, Ingar J.Norwegian Ornithological Society, BirdLife Norway, Sandgata 30B, Trondheim, 7012, NorwayUNSPECIFIED
Solheim, RoarUniversity of Agder, Zoological Department, Universitetsveien 25 D, Kristiansand S, 4630, NorwayUNSPECIFIED
Wiebe, KarenUniversity of Saskatchewan, Department of Biology, 112 Science Place, Saskatoon, S7N 5E2, CanadaUNSPECIFIED
Wikelski, MartinMax Planck Institut für OrnithologieUNSPECIFIED
Therrien, Jean-FrançoisHawk Mountain Sanctuary, Acopian Center for Conservation Learning, 410 Summer Valley Road, Orwigsburg, PA, 17961, USAUNSPECIFIED
Safi, KamranMax Planck Institute for Ornithologe, Radolfzell, GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Date:May 2020
Journal or Publication Title:Nature
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
DOI :10.1038/s41598-020-63312-0
Page Range:pp. 1-11
Publisher:Nature Publishing Group
ISSN:0028-0836
Status:Published
Keywords:Animal migration, Behavioural ecology, Boreal ecology, Climate-change ecology, Ecological modelling
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Earth Observation
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Remote sensing and geoscience
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:German Remote Sensing Data Center > Land Surface Dynamics
Deposited By: Dietz, Andreas
Deposited On:19 May 2020 17:42
Last Modified:19 May 2020 17:42

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