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INPPS Flagship: 2020th and 2030th Mars Explorations

Jansen, Frank and Bergmann, Benedikt and Brandt, Tim and Damme, Friedrich and Detsis, Emmanouil and Ferraris, Simona and Findlay, James AP and Funaki, Ikkoh and Funke, Oliver and Grundmann, Jan Thimo and Guimarães, L.N.F. and Hillebrandt, Martin and Koroteev, Anatoly S. and Kühn, Daniel and Kuijper, Jim C. and Masson, Frederic and Maiwald, Volker and Oberst, J. and Oriol, Stephane and Pospisil, Stanislav and Richter, Martin and Schanz, Lars and Semenkin, Alexander V. and Solodukhin, Alexander S. and Stekl, Ivan and Tinsley, Tim and Tosi, Cristina Maria and Worms, Jean-Claude (2019) INPPS Flagship: 2020th and 2030th Mars Explorations. In: Proceedings of the International Astronautical Congress, IAC, A3,3A (11), x51994. IAC IAF. IAC 2019, 21.-25. October 2019, Washington DC, USA.

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Abstract

The presentation summarizes INPPS (International Nuclear Power and Propulsion System) flagship non-human (2020th) and human (2030th) Mars exploration missions. The 2020th first flagship space flight is the complex, complete test mission for the second flagship towards Mars with humans (2030th). The most efficient approach is the completely tested first INPPS in the 2020th as the preparation of the second flagship with humans on board. The second INPPS (2030th) is also the regular space transportation tug Mars-Earth. International requests for human Mars space flight is realizable by rationales for pursuing two INPPS Mars missions in the proposed period: 1) successful finalization of the European-Russian DEMOCRITOS and MEGAHIT projects with their three concepts of space, ground and nuclear demonstrators for INPPS realization (2017), 2) successful ground based test of the Russian nuclear reactor with 1MWel plus the important thermal emission solution by droplet radiators (2018), 3) reactor space qualification by Russia until 2025 and 4) the perfect celestial Earth-Mars-Earth-Jupiter/Europa trajectory in 2026-2031 to carryout maximal INPPS space flight tests. Set of issues of INPPS space system and all subsystems became identified and studied during DEMOCRITOS. Consequently critical performance will be studied by parallel realizations of the ground and nuclear demonstrators (until 2025). The INPPS space demonstrator considers directly results of ground and nuclear demonstrator tests. Realization of the space demonstrator in form of the first space qualification of INPPS with all subsystems in the middle of the 2020th plus INPPS tests for about one to two years - first in high Earth orbit and later in nearby Earth space environment means a complete concepts driven approval for all INPPS technologies for non-human/human INPPS-Mars missions. Space subsystem results of MARS-INPPS design (with arrow wing shaped radiators) will be described. In dependence - from a cluster with worldwide selected electric thrusters - the MARS-INPPS payload mass is up to 18 tons. This very high payload mass allows to transport three different payloads at once - scientific, pure commercial and new media communication. The realization including tests is sketched: especially the need of non-human flagship Mars flight, the test towards Europa (including real time radiation monitoring) for maximal human Mars mission preparation for the second INPPS with humans to Mars. INPPS missions implicate Apollo and ISS comparable outcomes for science technologies, international dedication and in addition for space commercialization. Insofar - this MARS-INPPS presentation - convince high attendance of conference participants, commercial and new media investors.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/134398/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:INPPS Flagship: 2020th and 2030th Mars Explorations
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Jansen, FrankFrank.Jansen (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Bergmann, BenediktCTU IEAP PragueUNSPECIFIED
Brandt, TimCTU IEAP PragueUNSPECIFIED
Damme, FriedrichTU BerlinUNSPECIFIED
Detsis, EmmanouilESF Strasbourg, FranceUNSPECIFIED
Ferraris, SimonaThales Alenia Space, ItalyUNSPECIFIED
Findlay, James APNNL Sellafield, UKUNSPECIFIED
Funaki, IkkohJAXA Tokyo, JapanUNSPECIFIED
Funke, OliverDLR BonnUNSPECIFIED
Grundmann, Jan ThimoJan.Grundmann (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-8809-0981
Guimarães, L.N.F.IeAV BrazilUNSPECIFIED
Hillebrandt, MartinMartin.Hillebrandt (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Koroteev, Anatoly S.KeRC Moscow, RussiaUNSPECIFIED
Kühn, DanielDFKI BremenUNSPECIFIED
Kuijper, Jim C.NUCLIC Schagen, The NetherlandsUNSPECIFIED
Masson, FredericCNES Paris, FranceUNSPECIFIED
Maiwald, Volkervolker.maiwald (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-4591-0089
Oberst, J.Juergen.Oberst (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Oriol, StephaneCNES Paris, FranceUNSPECIFIED
Pospisil, StanislavCzech Technical University, PragueUNSPECIFIED
Richter, MartinDLR BraunschweigUNSPECIFIED
Schanz, LarsDLR BremenUNSPECIFIED
Semenkin, Alexander V.KeRC Moscow , RussiaUNSPECIFIED
Solodukhin, Alexander S.KeRC Moscow, RussaiaUNSPECIFIED
Stekl, IvanCTU IEAP PragueUNSPECIFIED
Tinsley, TimNNL Sellafield, UKUNSPECIFIED
Tosi, Cristina MariaTAS Torino, ItalyUNSPECIFIED
Worms, Jean-ClaudeCOSPAR Montpellier, FranceUNSPECIFIED
Date:October 2019
Journal or Publication Title:Proceedings of the International Astronautical Congress, IAC
Refereed publication:No
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:No
Volume:A3,3A
Page Range:x51994
Publisher:IAC IAF
Status:Published
Keywords:1) Mars-INPPS Flagship, 2) Non-human & Human High Power Space Transportation Hybrid Space Tug, 3) DEMOCRITOS / MEGAHIT INPPS Flagship System, Sub-Systems including Reactor, 4) DEMOCRITOS Ground, Space and Nuclear Demonstrators 5) 2025 to 2030th: Mars-Earth-Mars-Earth-Jupiter/Europa missions and INPPS Flagship, 6) INPPS with science, commercial and communication payloads.
Event Title:IAC 2019
Event Location:Washington DC, USA
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:21.-25. October 2019
Organizer:IAC IAF
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Space Science and Exploration
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R EW - Erforschung des Weltraums
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Explorationsstudien
Location: Bremen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Space Systems > Controlling, Logistics
Institute of Composite Structures and Adaptive Systems > Functional Lightweight Structures
Institute of Planetary Research > Planetary Geodesy
Deposited By: Jansen, Frank
Deposited On:11 Mar 2020 10:15
Last Modified:11 Mar 2020 10:32

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