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MARS / EUROPA INPPS Flagship High Power Space Transportation

Jansen, Frank and Bergmann, Benedikt and Brandt, Tim and Damme, Friedrich and Detsis, Emmanouil and Ferraris, Simona and Findlay, James AP and Funaki, Ikkoh and Funke, Oliver and Grundmann, J. T. and Guimarães, L.N.F. and Hillebrandt, Martin and Koroteev, Anatoly S. and Kühn, Daniel and Kuijper, Jim C. and Masson, Frederic and Maiwald, Volker and Oberst, J. and Oriol, Stephane and Pospisil, Stanislav and Richter, Martin and Schanz, Lars and Semenkin, Alexander V. and Solodukhin, Alexander E. and Stekl, Ivan and Tinsley, Tim and Tosi, Maria Cristina and Waldmann, Ch. and Worms, Jean-Claude (2019) MARS / EUROPA INPPS Flagship High Power Space Transportation. In: Proceedings of the International Astronautical Congress, IAC, A5,4- (D2.8,9), x53118. IAF. IAC 2019, 21.-25 Oktober 2019, Washington, USA.

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This paper explicitly explains INPPS (International Nuclear Power and Propulsion System) flagship subsystems like nuclear reactor, shielding, power conversion, boom, radiators, building blocks for tanks / payload basket / PPU / cluster of electric thrusters as well as additional solar power ring electricity and real time radiation detectors. Differences between the two flagships - as high power space transportation tug - for non-human (second half of 2020th) Mars / Europa and human (2030th) Mars exploration missions are sketched. The international studied conditions for human Mars and exploration Europa space flights are realizable by rationales for pursuing high power space transportation by INPPS due to: 1) the successful finalization of the European-Russian DEMOCRITOS and MEGAHIT projects with their three concepts of space, ground and nuclear demonstrators for INPPS realization (reached in 2017), 2) the successful ground based test of the Russian nuclear reactor with 1MWel plus important heat dissipation solution via droplet radiators (confirmed in 2018), 3) the space qualification of the Russian reactor until 2025 and 4) the perfect celestial constellation for a Earth-Mars/Phobos-Earth-Jupiter/Europa trajectory in 2026-2035 for most maximal INPPS flagship tests. Critical performance will be studied by parallel realizations of the ground and nuclear demonstrators of DEMOCRITOS (until 2025). The space qualification of INPPS with all subsystems including the nuclear reactor in the middle of the 2020th plus the INPPS tests for about one to two years - first in high Earth orbit robotic assembly phase of INPPS and later extended in nearby Earth space environment flight - means a complete concepts driven approval for all applied INPPS space technologies for both Mars/Europa exploration missions by INPPS flagship. In dependence - from the cluster of electric thrusters - the Mars/Europa INPPS payload mass is up to 18/12 tons. This very high payload mass allows to transport scientific, pure commercial and new media communication payload sections. For example, Mars and Europa payload as well as scientific payload in form of s small INPPS co-flying satellite are envisaged. The INPPS flagship missions are visionary, comparable with Apollo project and ISS with dedicated outcomes for science / technologies, international peaceful cooperation in space and additionally for commercialization plus communication from Earth to INPPS, within INPPS – means in space - and back from INPPS to Earth.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/134394/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:MARS / EUROPA INPPS Flagship High Power Space Transportation
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Jansen, Frankfrank. jansen (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Bergmann, BenediktCTU IEAP PragueUNSPECIFIED
Damme, FriedrichTU BerlinUNSPECIFIED
Detsis, EmmanouilEuropean Science Foundation, FranceUNSPECIFIED
Ferraris, SimonaThales Alenia Space, ItalyUNSPECIFIED
Findlay, James APNNL SellafieldUNSPECIFIED
Grundmann, J. T.DLR, BremenUNSPECIFIED
Guimarães, L.N.F.IeAV BrazilUNSPECIFIED
Hillebrandt, MartinDLR BraunschweigUNSPECIFIED
Koroteev, Anatoly S.KeRC MoscowUNSPECIFIED
Masson, FredericCNES ParisUNSPECIFIED
Maiwald, VolkerDLR-RY, BremenUNSPECIFIED
Oberst, J.German Aerospace Center (DLR) Berlin Germany, Technical University Berlin, GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Oriol, StephaneCNES ParisUNSPECIFIED
Pospisil, StanislavCTU IEAP PragueUNSPECIFIED
Richter, MartinDLR BraunschweigUNSPECIFIED
Semenkin, Alexander V.Keldysh Research CenterUNSPECIFIED
Solodukhin, Alexander E.Keldysh Research CenterUNSPECIFIED
Tinsley, TimNational Nuclear Laboratory, UKUNSPECIFIED
Tosi, Maria CristinaTAS TorinoUNSPECIFIED
Waldmann, Ch.University of BremenUNSPECIFIED
Worms, Jean-ClaudeCOSPAR MontpellierUNSPECIFIED
Date:October 2019
Journal or Publication Title:Proceedings of the International Astronautical Congress, IAC
Refereed publication:No
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Page Range:x53118
Series Name:IAC-19-F1.2.3
Keywords:Human & Non-human High Power Space Transportation Hybrid Space Tug, INPPS Flagship, Nuclear Electric Propulsion, Nuclear Power Source in Space, Near Earth Space Environment INPPS space qualification, science, commercial and communication payload to Mars & Europa by INPPS
Event Title:IAC 2019
Event Location:Washington, USA
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:21.-25 Oktober 2019
Organizer:IAC / IAF
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Space Science and Exploration
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R EW - Erforschung des Weltraums
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Explorationsstudien
Location: Bremen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Space Systems > Controlling, Logistics
Deposited By: Jansen, Frank
Deposited On:11 Mar 2020 09:53
Last Modified:11 Mar 2020 09:53

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