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DIEGO: A Multispectral Thermal Mission for Earth Observation on the International Space Station

Schultz, Johannes A. and Hartmann, Maik and Heinemann, Sascha and Janke, Jens and Jürgens, Carsten and Oertel, Dieter and Rücker, Gernot and Thonfeld, Frank and Rienow, Andreas (2019) DIEGO: A Multispectral Thermal Mission for Earth Observation on the International Space Station. European Journal of Remote Sensing, pp. 1-11. Taylor & Francis. DOI: 10.1080/22797254.2019.1698318 ISSN 2279-7254

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Official URL: https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/22797254.2019.1698318

Abstract

Observations in thermal infrared (IR) contribute substantially to the understanding of the global fluxes of energy and matter between Earth’s surface, ocean and atmosphere. Key parameters derived from such observations are Sea Surface Temperature (SST), Land Surface Temperature (LST) and Land Surface Emissivity (LSE). These variables are important for weather forecasting and climate modelling. However, satellite systems currently in orbit provide only a small number of spectral bands in the thermal region, and consequently cannot be used for temperature emissivity separation (TES) to accurately derive LST and LSE. Hence, capacities to investigate processes or phenomena where LST in high temporal and high spatial resolution (<100 m) is required, such as agricultural applications or urban heat island monitoring, are limited. Additionally, the measurement of radiative energy released from active large and small fires, which contribute significantly to greenhouse gas emissions, is still challenging with current IR systems. Here, we introduce the proposed multispectral sensor system DIEGO (Dynamic Infrared Earth Observation on the ISS Orbit) with 11 spectral bands and a ground sampling distance of less than 60 m, which aims to reduce the observation gap in the thermal infrared significantly.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/134359/
Document Type:Article
Title:DIEGO: A Multispectral Thermal Mission for Earth Observation on the International Space Station
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Schultz, Johannes A.schultz (at) giub.uni-bonn.deUNSPECIFIED
Hartmann, MaikAstro- und Feinwerktechnik Berlin GmbHUNSPECIFIED
Heinemann, SaschaForschungszentrum Jülich GmbHUNSPECIFIED
Janke, JensCRN Management GmbHUNSPECIFIED
Jürgens, CarstenRuhr-Universität BochumUNSPECIFIED
Oertel, DieterAstro- und Feinwerktechnik Berlin GmbHUNSPECIFIED
Rücker, GernotZebris GbR, Munich, GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Thonfeld, FrankFrank.Thonfeld (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-3371-7206
Rienow, AndreasRuhr-Universität BochumUNSPECIFIED
Date:2019
Journal or Publication Title:European Journal of Remote Sensing
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:Yes
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
DOI :10.1080/22797254.2019.1698318
Page Range:pp. 1-11
Publisher:Taylor & Francis
ISSN:2279-7254
Status:Published
Keywords:Thermal infrared; International Space Station (ISS); Land Surface Temperature; Land Surface Emissivity; Evapotranspiration
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Earth Observation
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Remote sensing and geoscience
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:German Remote Sensing Data Center > Land Surface Dynamics
Deposited By: Thonfeld, Dr. Frank
Deposited On:17 Mar 2020 08:53
Last Modified:17 Mar 2020 08:53

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