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Calibration of parameters for DEM simulations of solar particle receivers by bulk experiments and surrogate functions

Grobbel, Johannes and Brendelberger, Stefan and Henninger, Matthias and Sattler, Christian and Pitz-Paal, Robert (2020) Calibration of parameters for DEM simulations of solar particle receivers by bulk experiments and surrogate functions. Powder Technology, 364, pp. 831-844. Elsevier. DOI: 10.1016/j.powtec.2019.11.028 ISSN 0032-5910

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Official URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0032591019309878?via%3Dihub

Abstract

Bauxite particles known as proppants from the fracking industry are an emerging heat transfer medium for solar thermal power plants. The discrete element method (DEM) has just recently been applied to these systems and the information on parameters for contact force models is scarce; calibrated parameters cannot be found. In this work a novel, three-stage calibration approach based on multiple bulk experiments and surrogate functions is presented. The experiments comprise the angle of repose, the residence time on a horizontal conveyor and the impact on an inclined plate. Particle-particle and particle-wall parameters for the Hertz contact force model and the modified linear spring dash-pot rolling friction model are determined for five different proppants and two wall materials. The assumptions of the calibration procedure and the calibration results themselves are checked and discussed on the basis of a sensitivity analysis. It is shown that almost all parameters can be constricted to unique values by the approach and that most parameters only gradually differ between particle types. Additionally, the influence of coarse graining on the parameters is examined. The behavior of the restitution coefficients is explained in detail by kinetic gas theory. It is found that only the particle-wall restitution coefficient is invariant to coarse graining, but not the particle-particle restitution coefficient, which must decrease with coarse-graining factor.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/134350/
Document Type:Article
Title:Calibration of parameters for DEM simulations of solar particle receivers by bulk experiments and surrogate functions
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Grobbel, JohannesJohannes.Grobbel (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-9942-5484
Brendelberger, StefanStefan.Brendelberger (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Henninger, MatthiasDLR, SF-SOLUNSPECIFIED
Sattler, ChristianChristian.Sattler (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-4314-1124
Pitz-Paal, RobertRobert.Pitz-Paal (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-3542-3391
Date:15 March 2020
Journal or Publication Title:Powder Technology
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Volume:364
DOI :10.1016/j.powtec.2019.11.028
Page Range:pp. 831-844
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0032-5910
Status:Published
Keywords:Calibration; Contact parameters; Discrete element method; Solar energy; Particle receiver; Coarse graining
HGF - Research field:Energy
HGF - Program:Renewable Energies
HGF - Program Themes:Solar Fuels
DLR - Research area:Energy
DLR - Program:E SW - Solar and Wind Energy
DLR - Research theme (Project):E - Solar Fuels
Location: Jülich , Köln-Porz
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Solar Research > Solar Chemical Engineering
Institute of Solar Research > Leitungsbereich SF KP
Deposited By: Sattler, Prof. Dr. Christian
Deposited On:09 Mar 2020 10:37
Last Modified:09 Mar 2020 10:37

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