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Fungal Biotechnology in Space: Why and How?

Cortesao, M. and Schütze, T. and Marx, R. and Moeller, R. and Meyer, V. (2020) Fungal Biotechnology in Space: Why and How? In: Grand Challenges in Fungal Biotechnology Springer, Cham. pp. 501-535. doi: 10.1007/978-3-030-29541-7. ISBN 978-3-030-29541-7. ISSN 2367-1025.

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Official URL: https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007%2F978-3-030-29541-7_18


Fungi have been companions of mankind for millennia. Mushrooms inspired our eating culture, and yeasts and filamentous fungi were developed into highly efficient cell factories during the last 100 years to produce many products utilized in different industries worldwide. What more is to come in the next 100 years? We propose here that fungi can become important cell factories for life in space, especially regarding the filamentous fungus Aspergillus niger as the cutting-edge must-have for space travel in the twenty-first century and beyond. First, it is one of the most robust and efficient production systems used nowadays in industrial biotechnology. Second, it is a multipurpose cell factory that produces a diverse range of organic acids, proteins, enzymes and natural products. And third, it is a common fungal isolate of the International Space Station. A. niger could thus become an essential companion of astronauts for the autonomous production of food, enzymes and antibiotics during space travel. What needs to be done to achieve these visionary goals? In this chapter, we will discuss the opportunities of A. niger as a cell factory spanning from Earth to space. We summarize the current state of the art of A. niger biotechnology on Earth and discuss the general tools and technologies still in need of development to take a new step for mankind: space biotechnology.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/134222/
Document Type:Book Section
Title:Fungal Biotechnology in Space: Why and How?
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iDORCID Put Code
Cortesao, M.UNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-6603-1211UNSPECIFIED
Schütze, T.Chair of Applied and Molecular Microbiology, Institute of Biotechnology, Technische Universität Berlin, Berlin, GermanyUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Marx, R.International Association for Sustainable Aviation, Bonn, GermanyUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Moeller, R.UNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-2371-0676UNSPECIFIED
Meyer, V.Chair of Applied and Molecular Microbiology, Institute of Biotechnology, Technische Universität Berlin, Berlin, GermanyUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date:9 January 2020
Journal or Publication Title:Grand Challenges in Fungal Biotechnology
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Page Range:pp. 501-535
EditorsEmailEditor's ORCID iDORCID Put Code
Nevalainen, HelenaDepartment of Molecular Sciences, Macquarie University, Sydney, AustraliaUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Publisher:Springer, Cham
Keywords:filamentous fungi, Space
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Research under Space Conditions
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R FR - Research under Space Conditions
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Vorhaben Strahlenbiologie (old)
Location: Köln-Porz
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Aerospace Medicine > Radiation Biology
Deposited By: Kopp, Kerstin
Deposited On:03 Mar 2020 12:49
Last Modified:05 Oct 2020 18:41

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