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Prospects of electrofuels to defossilize transportation in Denmark - A techno-economic and ecological analysis

Albrecht, Friedemann Georg and Nguyen, Tuong-Van (2020) Prospects of electrofuels to defossilize transportation in Denmark - A techno-economic and ecological analysis. Energy, 192, pp. 116511-116533. Elsevier. DOI: 10.1016/j.energy.2019.116511 ISSN 0360-5442

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Abstract

Achieving the global and European climate targets requires a green transformation of the transport sector. Electrification may become a viable option in light road transportation, but the use of liquid fuels with high energy density will likely prevail in aviation, shipping and heavy-duty mobility. For these applications, electrofuels, produced from electricity and CO2, may be a promising option, especially in countries with high wind and solar energy potentials. In the present case study, the prospects of electrofuels in Denmark are investigated. At first, an in-depth analysis of the available raw material and energy resources was conducted. The design of a first Power-to-Liquid (PtL) plant was then developed and implemented in Aspen Plus® for a selected site in Denmark. The plant is subsequently analyzed in a techno-economic and ecological assessment. The results indicate that the unexploited Danish wind power potential is theoretically sufficient to entirely cover the expected future demand for alternative fuels through electrofuel production. Greenhouse gas reductions of 95% compared to fossil fuels can be achieved if electricity from renewable power sources is used. However, fuel production costs are significantly higher than crude oil market prices, resulting in very high GHG abatement costs compared to other carbon mitigation technologies.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/133952/
Document Type:Article
Title:Prospects of electrofuels to defossilize transportation in Denmark - A techno-economic and ecological analysis
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Albrecht, Friedemann GeorgFriedemann.Albrecht (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Nguyen, Tuong-Vantuong-van.nguyen (at) epfl.chUNSPECIFIED
Date:February 2020
Journal or Publication Title:Energy
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Volume:192
DOI :10.1016/j.energy.2019.116511
Page Range:pp. 116511-116533
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0360-5442
Status:Published
Keywords:Power-to-Liquid; Alternative fuels; Techno-economic assessment; Greenhouse gas footprint; EU RED targets
HGF - Research field:Energy
HGF - Program:Storage and Cross-linked Infrastructures
HGF - Program Themes:Synthetic Hydrocarbons
DLR - Research area:Energy
DLR - Program:E SP - Energy Storage
DLR - Research theme (Project):E - Thermochemical Processes (Synth. HC.)
Location: Stuttgart
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Engineering Thermodynamics > Energy System Integration
Deposited By: Albrecht, Friedemann Georg
Deposited On:05 Feb 2020 11:02
Last Modified:05 Feb 2020 11:02

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