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Final human-vehicle interaction strategies for the interACT AVs

Weber, Florian and Sorokin, Lenja and Schmidt, Elisabeth and Schieben, Anna Maria and Wilbrink, Marc and Kettwich, Carmen and Dodiya, Janki and Oehl, Michael and Kaup, Marc and Willrodt, Jan-Henning and Lee, Yee Mun and Madigan, Ruth and Markkula, Gustav and Romano, Richard and Merat, Natasha (2019) Final human-vehicle interaction strategies for the interACT AVs. Project Report.

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Abstract

The interACT project aims to enable the safe deployment of automated vehicles (AVs) by developing novel software and hardware components for reliable communication between an AV, its on-board driver, and other road users. The project will place a particular focus on the design of innovative Human Machine Interfaces (HMIs) to replace current human-human communications in mixed traffic environments. It is expected that reaching the project’s goals will facilitate the gradual integration of AVs in future transport networks. Task 4.2 of Work Package (WP) 4 centred on the design of interaction strategies for AVs, which will be implemented into the interACT demonstrator vehicles being developed as part of WP5 of the project. Driving strategies for AVs were assessed and design principles were defined, guiding the design process. Suitable technologies for the development of external HMI (eHMI) solutions were assessed. Based on this assessment, the WP4 partners developed concrete HMI solutions, which were evaluated in simulator- and virtual reality- based user studies, and further refined. A main eHMI design was developed, consisting of an LED light-band wrapped around the body of the vehicle. This light-band communicated the intentions of the AV (such as giving way or starting to move). Two secondary eHMI solutions were also developed. A variant of the light-band, where specific segments were illuminated, was used to communicate the perception of another traffic participant; and a combination of a single lamp and the light-band were used to communicate both AV intention and perception at the same time. To improve trust and acceptance of the AV for the on-board user, internal HMI solutions (iHMI) were also developed and evaluated in simulator-based user studies. Following the external HMI approach a LED light-band was installed in the interior of the AV and tested also for the iHMI interaction with the on-board user against a state of the art textual head-down display. Participants preferred the communication via the LED light-band and rated the interaction strategy containing information regarding detected traffic participants higher compared to information regarding the intention of the AV. This deliverable documents the process and results of the work conducted in WP 4 and serves as a basis for the technical development of the HMI solutions, which will be outlined in WP 4.3, as well as the implementation of the demonstration vehicles in WP 5.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/133919/
Document Type:Monograph (Project Report)
Title:Final human-vehicle interaction strategies for the interACT AVs
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Weber, FlorianBMWUNSPECIFIED
Sorokin, LenjaBMWUNSPECIFIED
Schmidt, ElisabethBMWUNSPECIFIED
Schieben, Anna MariaAnna.Schieben (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-3608-2004
Wilbrink, Marcmarc.wilbrink (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-7550-8613
Kettwich, CarmenCarmen.Kettwich (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-6814-7058
Dodiya, Jankijanki.dodiya (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Oehl, MichaelMichael.Oehl (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Kaup, MarcHellaUNSPECIFIED
Willrodt, Jan-HenningHellaUNSPECIFIED
Lee, Yee MunITS LeedsUNSPECIFIED
Madigan, RuthITS LeedsUNSPECIFIED
Markkula, Gustavits leedsUNSPECIFIED
Romano, Richardits leedsUNSPECIFIED
Merat, NatashaITS LeedsUNSPECIFIED
Date:2019
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Status:Published
Keywords:eHMI, interaction with automated vehicles, automated vehicles, interaction strategies
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Transport
HGF - Program Themes:Transport System
DLR - Research area:Transport
DLR - Program:V VS - Verkehrssystem
DLR - Research theme (Project):V - Energie und Verkehr
Location: Braunschweig
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Transportation Systems > Automotive Systems
Institute of Transportation Systems > Development of vehicle functions
Deposited By: Dziennus, Marc
Deposited On:10 Feb 2020 08:04
Last Modified:10 Feb 2020 08:04

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