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Evaluation of E Layer Dominated Ionosphere Events Using COSMIC/FORMOSAT-3 and CHAMP Ionospheric Radio Occultation Data

Kamal, Sumon and Jakowski, Norbert and Hoque, Mohammed Mainul and Wickert, J. (2020) Evaluation of E Layer Dominated Ionosphere Events Using COSMIC/FORMOSAT-3 and CHAMP Ionospheric Radio Occultation Data. Remote Sensing. Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI). doi: 10.3390/rs12020333. ISSN 2072-4292.

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Official URL: https://www.mdpi.com/2072-4292/12/2/333


At certain geographic locations, especially in the polar regions, the ionization of the ionospheric E layer can dominate over that of the F2 layer. The associated electron density profiles show their ionization maximum at E layer heights between 80 and 150 km above the Earth’s surface. This phenomenon is called the “E layer dominated ionosphere” (ELDI). In this paper we systematically investigate the characteristics of ELDI occurrences at high latitudes, focusing on their spatial and temporal variations. In our study, we use ionospheric GPS radio occultation data obtained from the COSMIC/FORMOSAT-3 (Constellation Observing System for Meteorology, Ionosphere, and Climate/Formosa Satellite Mission 3) and CHAMP (Challenging Minisatellite Payload) satellite missions. The entire dataset comprises the long period from 2001 to 2018, covering the previous and present solar cycles. This allows us to study the variation of the ELDI in different ways. In addition to the geospatial distribution, we also examine the temporal variation of ELDI events, focusing on the diurnal, the seasonal, and the solar cycle dependent variation. Furthermore, we investigate the spatiotemporal dependency of the ELDI on geomagnetic storms.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/133864/
Document Type:Article
Title:Evaluation of E Layer Dominated Ionosphere Events Using COSMIC/FORMOSAT-3 and CHAMP Ionospheric Radio Occultation Data
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iDORCID Put Code
Jakowski, NorbertUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-3174-2624UNSPECIFIED
Wickert, J.GeoForschungsZentrum PotsdamUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Journal or Publication Title:Remote Sensing
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Publisher:Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)
Keywords:ionosphere; polar ionosphere; instruments and techniques; radio science; radio occultation; particle precipitation; ionospheric physics
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Communication and Navigation
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R KN - Kommunikation und Navigation
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Vorhaben Ionosphäre (old)
Location: Neustrelitz
Institutes and Institutions:Institute for Solar-Terrestrial Physics > Space Weather Observation
Deposited By: Hoque, Mohammed Mainul
Deposited On:09 Jun 2020 18:49
Last Modified:25 Oct 2023 08:27

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