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Magnetic Cellulose Green Nanocomposite Adsorbents for the Removal of Heavy Metal Ions in Water/Wastewater

Kamal Mohamed, Seeni Meera and D, Arunbabu (2019) Magnetic Cellulose Green Nanocomposite Adsorbents for the Removal of Heavy Metal Ions in Water/Wastewater. In: Green Biopolymers and their Nanocomposites Materials Horizons: From Nature to Nanomaterials, 18. Springer, Singapore. pp. 423-437. doi: 10.1007/978-981-13-8063-1_18. ISBN 978-981-13-8063-1. ISSN 2524-5392.

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Official URL: https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007%2F978-981-13-8063-1_18

Abstract

In the recent days, control of water contamination and treatment of wastewater is a challenging task throughout the globe because of their impact on human health. The most commonly employed method for the removal of organic pollutants especially toxic heavy metal ions from water/wastewater is adsorption using an adsorbent. There are various types of adsorbents available ranging from synthetic polymers like chelating resins, ion exchange resins, polystyrene sulfonate resins, etc. However, high cost and regeneration difficulties are associated with the use of these synthetic polymer adsorbents. In view of the above difficulties, researchers are focusing on the development of low-cost adsorbents from naturally available green biopolymers like polysaccharides. Cellulose is one among the most frequently used green polysaccharide to prepare various types of functional adsorbent materials at low-cost. Even though, cellulose alone could not give satisfactory performance on the adsorption or chelation of heavy metal ions from water/wastewater solution. To improve the adsorption capacity and achieve easy separation of cellulose-based green adsorbents, the magnetization of the adsorbent is a significant and efficient route. Magnetic adsorbent materials provide excellent water purification without any contaminants and also have the ability to treat large quantities of water/wastewater within a short span of time. Often, iron oxide nanoparticles (Fe2O3/Fe3O4) had been utilized for environmental remediation because of their superior advantages such as large surface area, biocompatibility, less energy requirement, low toxicity and better separation ability. This chapter will provide a broader perspective of magnetic cellulose green nanocomposites and their use as an adsorbent for the removal of toxic heavy metal ions from water/wastewater.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/133713/
Document Type:Book Section
Title:Magnetic Cellulose Green Nanocomposite Adsorbents for the Removal of Heavy Metal Ions in Water/Wastewater
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Kamal Mohamed, Seeni MeeraKamalMohamed.SeeniMeera (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-8812-1362
D, Arunbabuarun.dhamu (at) gmail.comUNSPECIFIED
Date:7 July 2019
Journal or Publication Title:Green Biopolymers and their Nanocomposites
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Volume:18
DOI :10.1007/978-981-13-8063-1_18
Page Range:pp. 423-437
Editors:
EditorsEmailEditor's ORCID iD
Dhorali, Gnanasekarangnanamster@gmail.comUNSPECIFIED
Publisher:Springer, Singapore
Series Name:Materials Horizons: From Nature to Nanomaterials
ISSN:2524-5392
ISBN:978-981-13-8063-1
Status:Published
Keywords:Cellulose, Microbeads, Magnetic nanoparticles, Heavy metals, Adsorbent, Wastewater
HGF - Research field:other
HGF - Program:other
HGF - Program Themes:other
DLR - Research area:no assignment
DLR - Program:no assignment
DLR - Research theme (Project):no assignment
Location: Köln-Porz
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Materials Research > Aerogele
Deposited By: Kamal Mohamed, Seeni Meera
Deposited On:24 Jan 2020 11:21
Last Modified:24 Jan 2020 11:21

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