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ADVANCED ADAPTIVE COMPENSATION SYSTEM FOR FREE-SPACE OPTICAL COMMUNICATIONS

Carrizo, Carlos Eduardo (2019) ADVANCED ADAPTIVE COMPENSATION SYSTEM FOR FREE-SPACE OPTICAL COMMUNICATIONS. Dissertation.

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Abstract

Massive amounts of information are created daily in commercial fields like earth observation, that must be downloaded to earth ground stations in the short time of a satellite pass. Today, much of the collected information must be dropped due to lack of bandwidth, and laser down-links can offer tenths of gigabits throughput solving this bottleneck limitation. In a down-link scenario, the performance of laser satellite communications is limited due to atmospheric turbulence, which causes fluctuations in the intensity and the phase of the received signal leading to an increase in bit error probability. In principle, a single-aperture phase-compensated receiver, based on adaptive optics, can overcome atmospheric limitations by adaptive tracking and correction of atmospherically induced aberrations. However, under strong-turbulence situations, the effectiveness of traditional adaptive optics systems is severely compromised. In such scenarios, sensor-less techniques offer robustness, hardware simplicity, and easiness of implementation and integration at a reduced cost, but the state-of-the-art approaches still require too many iterations to perform the correction, exceeding the temporal coherence of the field and thus falling behind the field evolution. This thesis proposes a new iterative AO technique for strong turbulence compensation that reduces the correction time, bridging the limitation of similar systems in lasercom applications. It is based on the standard sensor-less system design, but it additionally uses a short-exposure focal intensity image to accelerate the correction. The technique combines basic principles of Fourier optics, image processing, and quadratic signal optimization to correct the wave-front. This novel approach directly updates the phases of the most intense focal-plane speckles, maximizing the power coupled into a single-mode fiber convexly. Numerical analyses show that this method has a robust and excellent performance under very strong turbulence. Laboratory results confirm that a focal speckle pattern can be used to accelerate the iterative compensation. This technique delivers nearly twofold bandwidth reduction compared with standard methods, and sufficient signal gain and stability to allow high throughput data transmission with nearly error-free performance in emulated satellite downlink scenarios. A property highlight is the in-advance knowledge of the required number of iterations, allowing on-demand management of the loop bandwidth in different turbulent regimes. Besides remaining conceptually and technically simple, it opens a new insight to iterative solutions that may lead to the development of new methods. A specific challenge remains to be the real-time functioning of the technique. A first approach for the dynamic wave-front correction was proposed and partially validated, but several potential alternatives are on the table. A dedicated control algorithm must be developed accordingly. With further refinement, this technique can surely contribute to making possible the use of iterative solutions in laser communications.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/133546/
Document Type:Thesis (Dissertation)
Title:ADVANCED ADAPTIVE COMPENSATION SYSTEM FOR FREE-SPACE OPTICAL COMMUNICATIONS
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Carrizo, Carlos Eduardocarlos.carrizo (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-4933-5832
Date:2019
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Number of Pages:146
Status:Published
Keywords:free-space optical communications; laser downlinks; laser satellite communications; adaptive optics
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Communication and Navigation
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R KN - Kommunikation und Navigation
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Vorhaben Multimedia Satellitennetze
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Communication and Navigation
Institute of Communication and Navigation > Satellite Networks
Deposited By: Haas, Susanne
Deposited On:15 Jan 2020 10:07
Last Modified:15 Jan 2020 10:07

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