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Global Characterization of Atmosphere-Biosphere Dynamics Across Time Scales

Linscheid, Nora and Estupian-Suarez, Lina and Carvalhais, Nuno and Cremer, Felix and Gans, Fabian and Reichstein, Markus and Brenning, Alexander and Sierra, Carlos and Mahecha, Miguel (2019) Global Characterization of Atmosphere-Biosphere Dynamics Across Time Scales. Living Planet Symposium 2019, 13-17 May 2019, Milan, Italy.

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Abstract

In times of climate change it is important to deeply understand how the biosphere responds to climate drivers. However, these interactions are (i) not happening instantaneously, and (ii) may differ depending on the time scale under scrutiny. For instance, at the seasonal scale we may expect a different sensitivity of vegetation to temperature than on monthly or inter-annual scale. However, so far there is no systematic assessment of this phenomenon reported at the global scale. Here we explore long-term (>30 year) remote sensing records and climate data to characterize atmosphere-biosphere interactions explicitly on different time scales. We use time series decomposition to explore sub-monthly oscillations to decadal trends. Our results show that interactions between a vegetation index (NDVI), air temperature and precipitation strongly differ across time scales. Importantly, they often strongly diverge from the relationship of the integrated signal. This suggests that processes need to be characterized specifically on the temporal scale under investigation. Furthermore, we correlate variables on a global map for each time scale and observe complex spatial patterns in ecosystem variability not resolved with conventional methods. For example, our results indicate that the tropics constitute a highly heterogeneous system in terms of atmosphere-biosphere interactions on different temporal scales. Both instantaneous and delayed interactions between atmosphere and biosphere are important in understanding and predicting ecosystem trajectories under changing climatic conditions. Our results suggest that process parameters and sensitivities can vary strongly across time scales. This could help explain heterogeneity of ecosystem responses on different scales. These dynamics should be taken into account for accurate long- and short-term climate modeling.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/133242/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:Global Characterization of Atmosphere-Biosphere Dynamics Across Time Scales
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Linscheid, Noranlinsch (at) bgc-jena.mpg.deUNSPECIFIED
Estupian-Suarez, LinaMax Planck Institute for BiogeochemistryUNSPECIFIED
Carvalhais, NunoMax Planck Institute for BiogeochemistryUNSPECIFIED
Cremer, FelixFelix.Cremer (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Gans, FabianMax Planck Institute for BiogeochemistryUNSPECIFIED
Reichstein, Markusmreichstein (at) bgc-jena.mpg.deUNSPECIFIED
Brenning, Alexanderalexander.brenning (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Sierra, CarlosMax Planck Institute for BiogeochemistryUNSPECIFIED
Mahecha, MiguelMPI Biogeochemistryhttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-3031-613X
Date:May 2019
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Status:Published
Keywords:Climate, biosphere, atmosphere ESDL, time Scales
Event Title:Living Planet Symposium 2019
Event Location:Milan, Italy
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:13-17 May 2019
Organizer:ESA
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:other
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R - no assignment
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - no assignment
Location: Jena
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Data Science > Citizen Science
Deposited By: Cremer, Felix
Deposited On:07 Jan 2020 13:22
Last Modified:07 Jan 2020 13:22

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