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Novel ceramic matrix composites with tungsten and molybdenum fiber reinforcement

Friess, Martin and Mainzer, Bernd and Lin, Chaorong and Riedel, Ralf and Riesch, Johann and Feichtmayer, Alexander and Fuhr, Maximilian and Almanstötter, Jürgen and Koch, Dietmar (2019) Novel ceramic matrix composites with tungsten and molybdenum fiber reinforcement. 10th HT-CMC, 23.-26. Sept. 2019, Bordeaux, Frankreich.

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Abstract

Damage-tolerant ceramic matrix composites (CMC) are prone to high temperature applications under severe environmental conditions and usually utilize carbon or ceramic fibres (e.g. SiC) as reinforcements of ceramic matrices with inherent low elongation to break compared to common metals. However, CMC reveal an elongation to break and stiffness similar to the ceramic matrices, and thus need a fibre coating in order to improve the elongation to break length and thus to achieve damage tolerance of the composite. In addition, such fibers often expose a low ductility during failure. As a consequence, design criteria for components of such CMC materials are limited by the low strain of failure. In order to overcome this problem, we follow the idea of a reinforcement concept of a ceramic matrix reinforced by refractory metal fibres to reach pseudo ductile behaviour during failure. Tungsten (W) and molybdenum (Mo) fibers were chosen as reinforcement in SiCN CMC manufactured by polymer infiltration and pyrolysis process. These fibres are commercially available since they are widespread used in light bulbs, etc. , and possess an intrinsic higher elongation to break, compared to ceramic fibres, as well as high stiffness even at high temperatures. W/SiCN and Mo/SiCN composites were manufactured via filament winding and resin transfer moulding of commercially available polysilazanes, pyrolysed and re-densified by multiple reinfiltration and pyrolysis steps. These composites were investigated with respect to microstructure, flexural and tensile strength. Single fibre strengths for W and Mo were investigated and compared to the strength of the composites. Tensile strengths of 206 and 156 MPa as well as bending strengths of 427 and 312 MPa were achieved for W/SiCN and Mo/SiCN composites, respectively. W fibre became brittle across the entire cross section, while the Mo fibre showed a superficial, brittle reaction zone but kept ductile on the inside.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/133176/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:Novel ceramic matrix composites with tungsten and molybdenum fiber reinforcement
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Friess, MartinMartin.Friess (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-4425-8244
Mainzer, Berndbernd.mainzer (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Lin, ChaorongUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Riedel, RalfTU DarmstadtUNSPECIFIED
Riesch, JohannMPI GarchingUNSPECIFIED
Feichtmayer, AlexanderMPI GarchingUNSPECIFIED
Fuhr, MaximilianMPI GarchingUNSPECIFIED
Almanstötter, JürgenOsramUNSPECIFIED
Koch, DietmarDietmar.Koch (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-4504-8721
Date:23 September 2019
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Status:Published
Keywords:CMC, SiCN, PIP, Mo, W
Event Title:10th HT-CMC
Event Location:Bordeaux, Frankreich
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:23.-26. Sept. 2019
Organizer:HT-CMC
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Aeronautics
HGF - Program Themes:fixed-wing aircraft
DLR - Research area:Aeronautics
DLR - Program:L AR - Aircraft Research
DLR - Research theme (Project):L - Military Technologies
Location: Stuttgart
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Structures and Design > Ceramic Composite Structures
Deposited By: Friess, Dr.rer.nat. Martin
Deposited On:02 Jan 2020 11:31
Last Modified:02 Jan 2020 11:31

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