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Detailed Characterization of Low Activity Comet 49P/Arend-Rigaux

Chu, Laurie and Meech, Karen and Farnham, Tony and Kührt, Ekkehard and Mottola, Stefano and Keane, Jacqueline V. and Hellmich, Stephan and Hainaut, Olivier and Kleyna, Jan (2019) Detailed Characterization of Low Activity Comet 49P/Arend-Rigaux. Icarus, 338 (1). Elsevier. DOI: 10.1016/j.icarus.2019.113532 ISSN 0019-1035

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Official URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0019103519301976?via%3Dihub

Abstract

Comet 49P/Arend-Rigaux is a well known low-activity Jupiter Family comet. Despite the low activity, wehave witnessed outgassing activity in 1992, 2004, and 2012. In 2012 a broad tail-like feature (PA∼270°,∼2.3×10^5 km) and a narrow jet-like feature (PA∼180°,∼9.3×10^4 km) were seen simultaneously. UsingFinson-Probstein (FP) dust dynamical models we determine: the grain sizes released in each event; the durationof activity; when the activity peaked; and the velocity of the dust particles, allowing us to make comparisonsbetween the events. We find that the tail feature in 2012 is similar to the tail in 1992 with large grains (40-4000μm) peaking in activity around perihelion with a long duration of outgassing greater than 150 days. The jetfeature from 2012, however, is more similar to the 2004 event which we model with small grains (1-8 microns) with a short duration of activity on the order of one month. The main difference between these two features is that the2004 event occurs prior to perihelion, while the 2012 event is post-perihelion. We use the grain sizes from theFP models to constrain ice sublimation models. Between 1985 and 2018 we cover six apparitions with 26 nightsof our own observations, data from the literature, and data from the Minor Planet Center, which together, allowus to model the heliocentric light curve. We find that the models are consistent with H2O ice sublimation as thevolatile responsible for driving activity over most of the active phases and a combination of H2O and CO2 ices are responsible for driving activity near perihelion. We measure the fractional active area over time for H2O anddiscover that the activity decreases from an average active area of∼3% to ∼0.2%. This clear secular decreasein activity implies that the comet is becoming depleted of volatiles and is in the process of transitioning to eithera dormant or dead state.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/132789/
Document Type:Article
Title:Detailed Characterization of Low Activity Comet 49P/Arend-Rigaux
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Chu, LaurieInstitute for Astronomy, University of HawaiiUNSPECIFIED
Meech, KarenInstitute for Astronomy, University of HawaiiUNSPECIFIED
Farnham, TonyDepartment of Astronomy, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USAUNSPECIFIED
Kührt, EkkehardEkkehard.Kuehrt (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Mottola, StefanoStefano.Mottola (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Keane, Jacqueline V.Institute for Astronomy, University of HawaiiUNSPECIFIED
Hellmich, StephanStephan.Hellmich (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Hainaut, OlivierESO, GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Kleyna, JanInstitute for Astronomy, University of HawaiiUNSPECIFIED
Date:2019
Journal or Publication Title:Icarus
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Volume:338
DOI :10.1016/j.icarus.2019.113532
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0019-1035
Status:Published
Keywords:cometary activity, comet Arend-Rigaux
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Space Science and Exploration
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R EW - Erforschung des Weltraums
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Projekt ROSETTA Instrumente
Location: Berlin-Adlershof
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Planetary Research > Asteroids and Comets
Deposited By: Kührt, Dr.rer.nat. Ekkehard
Deposited On:16 Dec 2019 08:18
Last Modified:16 Dec 2019 08:18

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