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Wind Tunnel investigations in CALLISTO - Reusable VTVL Launcher First Stage Demonstrator

Marwege, Ansgar and Riehmer, Johannes and Klevanski, Josef and Gülhan, Ali and Dumont, Etienne (2019) Wind Tunnel investigations in CALLISTO - Reusable VTVL Launcher First Stage Demonstrator. 70th International Astronautical Congress (IAC), 21-25 October 2019, Washington D.C., United States.

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Official URL: http://www.iafastro.org/

Abstract

In order to make access to space more affordable for both scientific and commercial activities the German Aerospace Center (DLR), the Japanese Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA), and the French National Centre for Space Studies (CNES) joined in a trilateral agreement to develop and demonstrate the technologies that will be needed for future reusable launch vehicles. In the joined project CALLISTO (Cooperative Action Leading to Launcher Innovation in Stage Toss back Operations), a demonstrator for a reusable vertical take-off, vertical landing rocket is being developed and built. The long-term objective of the project aims at paving the way to develop a reusable launcher first stage, and the joint efforts of the three agencies will culminate with CALLISTO demonstration flights from the ourou Space Center in French Guyana. The aerodynamic and aerothermal characteristics of the CALLISTO vehicle are investigated by DLR, including its challenging variety of configurations and large flight envelope with high angles of attack and subsonic, transonic and supersonic flight regimes. To cross-check the CFD data and for an enhanced understanding of the vehicle aerodynamics, a first test Champaign was performed in the Trisonic Wind Tunnel (TMK) at the DLR Department of Supersonic- and Hypersonic Flow Technologies in Cologne. Data has been generated for Mach numbers between 0.5 and 2.5. The experiments considered the ascent as well as the backwards orientated descent configurations of the vehicle with folded and deployed aerodynamic control surfaces at several deflection angles. The angle of attack was continuously varied for all configurations. The measurements of force and moment coefficients demonstrated the trimmability, stability and controllability of the vehicle for the planar fins deflection angles of up to 20° for all tested Mach numbers. Furthermore, the dependency of the aerodynamic coefficients on the Mach number was analyzed. Roll moment measurements showed efficient controllability of the roll angle. Investigations with oil film technique gave insight in the boundary layer separation of the body and the fins. This paper describes the tested configurations, the experimental methods and main results of the test campaign, focusing on the fin efficiency and on force measurements with tripping, including the subsonic regime.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/132573/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:Wind Tunnel investigations in CALLISTO - Reusable VTVL Launcher First Stage Demonstrator
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Marwege, Ansgaransgar.marwege (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Riehmer, JohannesJohannes.Riehmer (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Klevanski, JosefJosef.Klevanski (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Gülhan, AliAli.Guelhan (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Dumont, EtienneEtienne.Dumont (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-4618-0572
Date:24 October 2019
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Status:Published
Keywords:Wind Tunnel Tests, Aerodynamic Database, Reusable Launch Vehicle, Demonstrator
Event Title:70th International Astronautical Congress (IAC)
Event Location:Washington D.C., United States
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:21-25 October 2019
Organizer:IAF: http://www.iafastro.org/
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Space Transport
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R RP - Raumtransport
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Callisto
Location: Köln-Porz
Institutes and Institutions:Institute for Aerodynamics and Flow Technology > Supersonoc and Hypersonic Technology
Institute of Space Systems > Systems Engineering and Project Office
Deposited By: Marwege, Ansgar
Deposited On:11 Dec 2019 07:48
Last Modified:27 Mar 2020 10:38

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