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Monitoring of the irrigated rice production dynamic in the Kazalinsk region, Kazakhstan, from 1984-2017

Degtyareva, Olga and Muratova, Nadija and Salnikov, Vitaly and Thiel, Michael (2019) Monitoring of the irrigated rice production dynamic in the Kazalinsk region, Kazakhstan, from 1984-2017. Central Asian Journal of Water Research, 5 (2), pp. 20-43. Kazakh-German University. DOI: 10.29258/CAJWR/2019-R1.v5-2/20-43.eng ISSN 2522-9060

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Official URL: https://www.water-ca.org/article/11095-monitoring-of-the-irrigated-rice-production-dynamic-in-the-kazalinsk-region-kazakhstan-from-1984-2017

Abstract

In the most downstream irrigation system along the Syrdarya River in the Kazalinsk region (Republic of Kazakhstan), the run-down water supplying system and widespread cropland degradation challenge the agricultural production, which is mainly dedicated to the growing of rice. To understand the development of theproduction system in that ecologically endangered region, this study aims at the generation and analysis of an inventory of agricultural land use, with a focus on rice cultivation. The unsupervised k-means classifier was utilized for the generation of annual rice masks of the Kazalinsk region based on Landsat images from 1984 to 2017. Three indicators derived from the rice masks served for the analysis of the spatial pattern and the trend of rice cropping intensity and land abandonment. Finally, drivers of the identified spatial patterns of rice cropping intensity (1984-2017) were modeled by applying regression tree analysis. The rice classification returned 91.6 % overall accuracy for independent GoogleEarth samplings of 2004 and 2011. During the study period, the area under annual rice cultivation declined from 20,737 ha towards 10,828 ha. However, after 2004 (5,015 ha) the area under rice cultivation increased again and abandoned fields experienced reclamation. Mainly those parts of the irrigation system have been intensively used for rice production where fields occur in agglomerations. This practice can be assessed as economic indicator for the reduction of production costs (reduced irrigation efforts and logistics for field preparation, and other management activities) by the rice growers. The developed approach is applicable in the future and may be utilized to map abandoned agricultural fields and to identify drivers of land abandonment and cropland reclamation in the region.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/132491/
Document Type:Article
Title:Monitoring of the irrigated rice production dynamic in the Kazalinsk region, Kazakhstan, from 1984-2017
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Degtyareva, OlgaUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Muratova, NadijaUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Salnikov, VitalyUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Thiel, Michaelmichael.thiel (at) uni-wuerzburg.deUNSPECIFIED
Date:2019
Journal or Publication Title:Central Asian Journal of Water Research
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Volume:5
DOI :10.29258/CAJWR/2019-R1.v5-2/20-43.eng
Page Range:pp. 20-43
Publisher:Kazakh-German University
ISSN:2522-9060
Status:Published
Keywords:Rice cropping intensity, remote sensing time series, land use change, driver anaylsis, Kazalinsk region, Aral Sea Basin
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Earth Observation
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Vorhaben Geowissenschaftl. Fernerkundungs- und GIS-Verfahren
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:German Remote Sensing Data Center
Deposited By: Wöhrl, Monika
Deposited On:09 Dec 2019 14:12
Last Modified:09 Dec 2019 14:12

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