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Subsurface Sediment Mobilization in the southern Chryse Planitia on Mars

Brož, Petr and Hauber, Ernst and Van de Burgt, Ilse and Špillar, V. and Michael, Gregory (2019) Subsurface Sediment Mobilization in the southern Chryse Planitia on Mars. Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets, 124, pp. 703-720. Wiley. doi: 10.1029/2018JE005868. ISSN 2169-9097.

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Official URL: https://agupubs.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1029/2018JE005868


Ever since the presence of methane in the Martian atmosphere was reported from ground‐based, orbital, and in situ observations, mud volcanism was hypothesized to be a possible release mechanism, and various mud volcano fields have been tentatively identified. Although morphological similarities with Earth sedimentary volcanism have been proposed (e.g., Skinner & Mazzini, 2009, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpetgeo.2009.02.006), it is difficult, however, to prove unambiguously the presence of mud volcanism in remote sensing data, and some of the reported mud volcanoes have alternatively been interpreted as igneous volcanoes. A definitive identification of sedimentary volcanoes on Mars is therefore still problematic. A useful candidate area to test the hypothesis of sedimentary volcanism on Mars is a field of kilometer‐sized cone‐ and pie‐like landforms in the southern part of the large ancient Chryse impact basin, part of which was previously studied by Komatsu et al. (2016, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.icarus.2015.12.032). In this study, we searched for those landforms inside Chryse Planitia and determined their full spatial extent. We found that they can be divided into five morphologically different groups and that they occur exclusively on the level sedimentary plains. These findings enable us providing additional evidence to support the hypothesis of subsurface sediment mobilization as a possible mechanism for their formation.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/132381/
Document Type:Article
Title:Subsurface Sediment Mobilization in the southern Chryse Planitia on Mars
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iDORCID Put Code
Brož, PetrInstitute of Geophysics ASCR, v.v.i., Prague, Czech Republichttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-0632-0211UNSPECIFIED
Hauber, ErnstUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-1375-304XUNSPECIFIED
Špillar, V.Faculty of Science, Institute of Petrology and Structural Geology, Charles University in Prague, Praguehttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-6544-3775UNSPECIFIED
Michael, GregoryInstitute of Geological Sciences, Freie Universität Berlin, Malteserstr. 74-100, 12249 Berlin, Germanyhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-2612-6694UNSPECIFIED
Date:4 March 2019
Journal or Publication Title:Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Page Range:pp. 703-720
EditorsEmailEditor's ORCID iDORCID Put Code
Keywords:Mars, Water, Sediment, Volcanism
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Space Exploration
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R EW - Space Exploration
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Project Mars Express HRSC (old)
Location: Berlin-Adlershof
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Planetary Research > Planetary Geology
Deposited By: Hauber, Ernst
Deposited On:09 Dec 2019 07:44
Last Modified:28 Feb 2023 14:56

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