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Characterisation of the Perseid meteoroid stream through SPOSH observations between 2010-2016

Margonis, A. and Christou, A. and Oberst, Jürgen (2019) Characterisation of the Perseid meteoroid stream through SPOSH observations between 2010-2016. Astronomy & Astrophysics, 626, A25. EDP Sciences. DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/201834867 ISSN 0004-6361

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Official URL: https://www.aanda.org/articles/aa/pdf/2019/06/aa34867-18.pdf


We have characterised the Perseid meteoroid stream from data acquired in a series of observing campaigns between 2010 and 2016.The data presented in this work were obtained by the Smart Panoramic Optical Sensor Head (SPOSH), an all-sky camera system designed to image faint transient noctilucent phenomena on dark planetary hemispheres. For the data reduction, a sophisticated software package was developed that utilises the high geometric and photometric quality of images obtained by the camera system. We identify 934 meteors as Perseids, observed over a long period between late July (∼124°) and mid-to-late August (∼147°). The maximum meteor activity contributing to the annual shower was found at λ= 140.◦08±0.◦07. The radiant of the shower was estimated at RA = 47.◦2 and Dec = 57.◦5 with a median error of 0.◦6 and 0.◦2, respectively. The mean population index of the shower between solar longitudes of120.◦68 and 145.◦19 was r= 2.36±0.05, showing strong temporal variation. A predicted outburst in shower activity for the night of August 11–12, 2016 was confirmed, with a peak observed 12.75 hr before the annual maximum at 23:30±15′UT. We measure a peak flux of 6.1×10−4km−2hr−1 for meteoroids of mass 1.6×10−2g or more, appearing in the time period between 23:00 and 00:00 UT. We estimate the measured flux of the outburst meteoroids to be approximately twice as high as the annual meteoroid flux of the same mass. The population index of r= 2.19±0.08, computed from the outburst Perseids in 2016, is higher than the value ofr= 1.92±0.06 derived from meteors observed in 2015 belonging to the annual Perseid shower which was active near the time of the outburst. A dust trail with an unusually high population index of r= 3.58±0.24 was encountered in 2013 between solar longitudes 136.◦261 and137.◦442. The relatively high r-value implies an encounter with a dust trail rich in low-mass particles.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/132186/
Document Type:Article
Title:Characterisation of the Perseid meteoroid stream through SPOSH observations between 2010-2016
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Margonis, A.Technical University of Berlin, Planetary Geodesy Department, Berlin, GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Christou, A.Armagh Observatory, College Hill, Armagh BT61 9DG, UKUNSPECIFIED
Oberst, JürgenDLR/TU Berlin (juergen.oberst (at) dlr.de)UNSPECIFIED
Date:7 June 2019
Journal or Publication Title:Astronomy & Astrophysics
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
DOI :10.1051/0004-6361/201834867
Page Range:A25
Publisher:EDP Sciences
Keywords:meteorites, meteors, meteoroids, methods: observational, techniques: image processing, methods: data analysis, comets: individual: 109P
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Space Science and Exploration
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R EW - Erforschung des Weltraums
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Vorhaben Exploration des Sonnensystems
Location: Berlin-Adlershof
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Planetary Research > Planetary Geodesy
Deposited By: Lüdicke, Fabian
Deposited On:09 Dec 2019 15:26
Last Modified:09 Dec 2019 15:26

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