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From the interior to the atmosphere: volatile chemical speciation and Earth magma ocean evolution

Ortenzi, G. and Nikolaou, A. and Katyal, N. and Noack, L. and Sohl, F. (2019) From the interior to the atmosphere: volatile chemical speciation and Earth magma ocean evolution. EGU general assembly, 08.-12. Apr. 2019, Wien, Austria.

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Abstract

The early history of the Earth was characterized by a magma ocean stage. The principal aim of this research is a better investigation of the magma ocean interior-surface-atmosphere interactions by combining several modelling approaches. We analyse the degassing rate during the early phase of the magma ocean and the related chemical speciation of the outgassed volatile phases. Moreover, by simulating the structure of the atmosphere we calculate the cooling rate at its top, and therefore of the whole planet. The degassing rate is provided by a 1D interior-atmosphere coupled model that resolves the magma ocean solidification and its thermal evolution. The two volatile species H2O and CO2 included are dissolved in the melt and they are degassed when their solubility in the melt is exceeded. Progressive solidification of the mantle ensures an increase in the cumulative atmospheric mass. Moreover, the volatile chemical speciation of the C-O-H system is analysed with the equilibrium and mass balance method. Since the gas chemical composition is affected by the volatile availability of the magma ocean and by the melt oxygen fugacity, this method shows the direct link between the interior and the development of the atmosphere. We observed that under reduced condition (QIF and IW mineral buffers) the dominant outgassed gas phases are H2 and CO. On the other hand, with an oxidizing ambient (NiNiO and QIF mineral buffers) the principal gas phases are H2O and CO2. Furthermore, the structure and the evolution of the atmosphere are investigated. We calculate the outgoing longwave radiation at the top of the atmosphere using the line-by-line radiative transfer code GARLIC. The results of the present research show that an interdisciplinary approach is a key point to shed light on the interior-surface-atmosphere interactions and on the early Earth evolution. The transition of the volatiles from the interior to the surface was affected both by the thermal and redox evolution of the mantle. These interactions influenced the composition of the early atmosphere and the related cooling rate of the planet. Lastly, considering an extension of the present scope, this analytical technique has the potential also to characterise the volatile behaviour and the thermal evolution of solid exoplanets.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/131662/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
Title:From the interior to the atmosphere: volatile chemical speciation and Earth magma ocean evolution
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Ortenzi, G.gianluigi.ortenzi (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Nikolaou, A.athanasia.nikolaou (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Katyal, N.Technical University Berlin/ Department of Astronomy and AstrophysicsUNSPECIFIED
Noack, L.Department of Earth Sciences / Institute of Geological Sciences, Free University BerlinUNSPECIFIED
Sohl, F.frank.sohl (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Date:2019
Refereed publication:No
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Status:Published
Keywords:Magma Ocean, Volcanic Degassing, Chemical Speciation
Event Title:EGU general assembly
Event Location:Wien, Austria
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:08.-12. Apr. 2019
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Space Science and Exploration
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R EW - Erforschung des Weltraums
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Vorhaben Exploration des Sonnensystems
Location: Berlin-Adlershof
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Planetary Research > Planetary Physics
Deposited By: Ortenzi, Gianluigi
Deposited On:02 Dec 2019 08:30
Last Modified:02 Dec 2019 08:30

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