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Stratospheric Gravity Wave Products from Satellite Infrared Nadir Radiances in the Planning, Execution, and Validation of Aircraft Measurements during DEEPWAVE

Eckermann, Stephen D. and Doyle, James D. and Reinecke, P. Alex and Reynolds, Carolyn A. and Smith, Ronald B. and Fritts, David C. and Dörnbrack, Andreas (2019) Stratospheric Gravity Wave Products from Satellite Infrared Nadir Radiances in the Planning, Execution, and Validation of Aircraft Measurements during DEEPWAVE. Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 58 (9), pp. 2049-2075. American Meteorological Society. DOI: 10.1175/JAMC-D-19-0015.1 ISSN 1558-8424

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/JAMC-D-19-0015.1

Abstract

Gravity wave perturbations in 15-μm nadir radiances from the Atmospheric Infrared Sounder (AIRS) and Cross-Track Infrared Sounder (CrIS) informed scientific flight planning for the Deep Propagating Gravity Wave Experiment (DEEPWAVE). AIRS observations from 2003 to 2011 identified the South Island of New Zealand during June–July as a “natural laboratory” for observing deep-propagating gravity wave dynamics. Near-real-time AIRS and CrIS gravity wave products monitored wave activity in and around New Zealand continuously within 10 regions of scientific interest, providing nowcast guidance and validation for flight planners. A novel technique used these gravity wave products to validate upstream forecasts of nonorographic gravity waves with 1–2-day lead times, providing time to plan flight intercepts as tropospheric westerlies brought forecast source regions into range.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/131640/
Document Type:Article
Title:Stratospheric Gravity Wave Products from Satellite Infrared Nadir Radiances in the Planning, Execution, and Validation of Aircraft Measurements during DEEPWAVE
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Eckermann, Stephen D.NRL Washington, D.C., USAUNSPECIFIED
Doyle, James D.Naval Research Lab., Monterey, CA, USAUNSPECIFIED
Reinecke, P. AlexNaval Research Lab., Monterey, CA, USAUNSPECIFIED
Reynolds, Carolyn A.Naval Research Lab., Monterey, CA, USAUNSPECIFIED
Smith, Ronald B.Yale Univ., New Haven, CT, USAUNSPECIFIED
Fritts, David C.GATS Inc., Boulder, CO, USAUNSPECIFIED
Dörnbrack, AndreasDLR, IPAUNSPECIFIED
Date:2019
Journal or Publication Title:Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Volume:58
DOI :10.1175/JAMC-D-19-0015.1
Page Range:pp. 2049-2075
Publisher:American Meteorological Society
ISSN:1558-8424
Status:Published
Keywords:Gravity waves; Mountain waves; Stratosphere; Radiative transfer; Aircraft observations; Satellite observations
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Earth Observation
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Vorhaben Atmosphären- und Klimaforschung
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Atmospheric Physics > Transport Meteorology
Deposited By: Ziegele, Brigitte
Deposited On:29 Nov 2019 11:13
Last Modified:20 Mar 2020 11:49

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