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The Plant Health Monitoring System of the EDEN ISS Space Greenhouse in Antarctica During the 2018 Experiment Phase

Zeidler, Conrad and Zabel, Paul and Vrakking, Vincent and Dorn, Markus and Bamsey, Matthew and Schubert, Daniel and Ceriello, Antonio and Fortezza, Raimondo and De Simone, Domenico and Stanghellini, Cecilia and Kempkes, Frank and Meinen, Esther and Mencarelli, Angelo and Swinkels, Gert-Jan and Paul, Anna-Lisa and Ferl, Robert (2019) The Plant Health Monitoring System of the EDEN ISS Space Greenhouse in Antarctica During the 2018 Experiment Phase. Frontiers in Plant Science (FPLS), 10. Frontiers Media S.A.. DOI: 10.3389/fpls.2019.01457 ISSN 1664-462X

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Official URL: https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fpls.2019.01457/full?&utm_source=Email_to_authors_&utm_medium=Email&utm_content=T1_11.5e1_author&utm_campaign=Email_publication&field=&journalName=Frontiers_in_Plant_Science&id=488675

Abstract

The EDEN ISS project has the objective to test key technologies and processes for higher plant cultivation with a focus on their application to long duration spaceflight. A mobile plant production facility was designed and constructed by an international consortium and deployed to the German Antarctic Neumayer Station III. Future astronaut crews, even if well-trained and provided with detailed procedures, cannot be expected to have the competencies needed to deal with all situations that will arise during a mission. Future space crews, as they are today, will be supported by expert backrooms on the ground. For future space-based greenhouses, monitoring the crops and the plant growth system increases system reliability and decreases the crew time required to maintain them. The EDEN ISS greenhouse incorporates a Plant Health Monitoring System, to provide remote support for plant status assessment and early detection of plant stress or disease. The EDEN ISS greenhouse has the capability to automatically capture and distribute images from its suite of 32 high definition color cameras. Collected images are transferred over a satellite link to the EDEN ISS Mission Control Center in Bremen and to project participants worldwide. Upon reception, automatic processing software analyses the images for anomalies, evaluates crop performance and predicts the days remaining until harvest of each crop tray. If anomalies or sub-optimal performance is detected, the image analysis system generates automatic warnings to the agronomist team who then discuss, communicate or implement countermeasure options. A select number of Dual Wavelength Spectral Imagers have also been integrated into the facility for plant health monitoring to detect potential plant stress before it can be seen on the images taken by the high definition color cameras. These imagers and processing approaches are derived from traditional space-based imaging techniques but permit new discoveries to be made in a facility like the EDEN ISS greenhouse in which, essentially, every photon of input and output can be controlled and studied. This paper presents a description of the EDEN ISS Plant Health Monitoring System, basic image analyses, and a summary of the results from the initial year of Antarctic operations.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/131591/
Document Type:Article
Title:The Plant Health Monitoring System of the EDEN ISS Space Greenhouse in Antarctica During the 2018 Experiment Phase
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Zeidler, Conradconrad.zeidler (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Zabel, PaulPaul.Zabel (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-7907-9230
Vrakking, VincentVincent.Vrakking (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Dorn, Markusmarkus.dorn (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Bamsey, MatthewMatthew.Bamsey (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Schubert, DanielDaniel.Schubert (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Ceriello, AntonioTelespazio S.p.A., 00156 Roma, ItalyUNSPECIFIED
Fortezza, RaimondoTelespazio S.p.A., 00156 Roma, ItalyUNSPECIFIED
De Simone, DomenicoTelespazio S.p.A., 00156 Roma, ItalyUNSPECIFIED
Stanghellini, CeciliaWageningen University and Research, 6700 AP Wageningen, The NetherlandsUNSPECIFIED
Kempkes, FrankWageningen University and Research, 6700 AP Wageningen, The NetherlandsUNSPECIFIED
Meinen, EstherWageningen University and Research, 6700 AP Wageningen, The NetherlandsUNSPECIFIED
Mencarelli, AngeloWageningen University and Research, 6700 AP Wageningen, The NetherlandsUNSPECIFIED
Swinkels, Gert-JanWageningen University and Research, 6700 AP Wageningen, The NetherlandsUNSPECIFIED
Paul, Anna-LisaUniversity of FloridaUNSPECIFIED
Ferl, RobertUniversity of FloridaUNSPECIFIED
Date:22 November 2019
Journal or Publication Title:Frontiers in Plant Science (FPLS)
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:Yes
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Volume:10
DOI :10.3389/fpls.2019.01457
Publisher:Frontiers Media S.A.
Series Name:Higher Plants, Algae and Cyanobacteria in Space Environments
ISSN:1664-462X
Status:Published
Keywords:EDEN ISS, Plant health monitoring, Greenhouse, Space analogue, Antarctica, Life support system, Remote support, Neumayer Station III
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Research under Space Conditions
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R FR - Forschung unter Weltraumbedingungen
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Projekt :envihab
Location: Bremen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Space Systems > System Analysis Space Segment
Deposited By: Zeidler, Conrad
Deposited On:04 Dec 2019 09:25
Last Modified:04 Dec 2019 09:25

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